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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


 
2023
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2024 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2024 ± on
2023 *
MIDWEST U.S. 9.048.807 +1,6%       9.048.807 +1,6%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.688.107 +1,3%       5.688.107 +1,3%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.858.296 -4,1%       3.858.296 -4,1%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.483.761 +0,2%       3.483.761 +0,2%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.896.217 -0,9%       2.896.217 -0,9%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 827.361 -0,7%       827.361 -0,7%
OTHER STATES 771 +21,4%       771 +21,4%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2024 25.803.320       25.803.320
Variation on 2023 +0,1%       +0,1%
US 2023 25.781.185 26.310.306 25.398.621 25.187.562 102.677.674
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2023
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2024 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2024
± on
2023 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.092 1.984 2.130                   6.207 +1,2%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.070 1.974 2.151                   6.196 +1,7%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.163 2.069 2.201                   6.432 +0,5%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.976 1.879 2.032                   5.888 +0,4%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.036 1.930 2.095                   6.061 +0,1%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.858 1.776 1.910                   5.544 -0,2%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2024
US 2024 2.070 1.969 2.123 - - - - - - - - - 6.162,59
Variation on 2023 -0,4% +3,5% -0,1% - - - - - - - - - +0,9%
US 2023 2.078 1.903 2.125 2.063 2.133 2.041 2.057 2.040 1.970 2.020 1.956 2.039 24.426
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  Min Production / Cow
  Max Production / Cow
2023
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2024
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2024 ± on 2023 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.234.000 +12.000       3.234.000 +0,4% +12.000
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.024.000 -11.000       2.024.000 -0,5% -11.000
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.365.500 -65.500       1.365.500 -4,6% -65.500
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.318.100 -5.700       1.318.100 -0,4% -5.700
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.056.000 -11.500       1.056.000 -1,1% -11.500
SOUTHEAST U.S. 335.000 -2.500       335.000 -0,7% -2.500
OTHER STATES 800 -100       800 -11,1% -100
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2024
US 2024 9.333.400       9.333.400
Change n ° heads on previous quarter -15.500       -15.500
Change n ° heads on 2023 -84.300       -84.300
US 2023 9.417.700 9.410.100 9.365.800 9.348.900 9.348.900
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2012 2017 2022 ± on 2017
MIDWEST U.S. 684.354 653.095 624.546 -4,4% (-28549 az.ag.)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 120.026 111.439 100.352 -9,9% (-11087 az.ag.)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 624.063 614.784 564.455 -8,2% (-50329 az.ag.)