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EU-27: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201920202021202220222023%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)77.16176.55175.70574.856
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)20.76620.52220.21320.088
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)6.5296.3716.5136.407514250-51,4%Jan 2023
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)213.532222.761164.313148.3156.86611.509+67,6%Jan 2023
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)5806646266
Milk production152.560154.153153.988
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,0%-0,1%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)142.566144.903144.486144.53011.71211.806(e)+0,8%Jan 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,6%-0,3%0,0%
% Delivery on production ***93,4%94,0%93,8%
% Protein3,42%3,43%3,43%3,42%3,44%3,45% Jan 2023
% Fat4,09%4,09%4,10%4,09%4,17%4,18% Jan 2023
Farm-gate milk price (€ per 100 Kg)34,7834,1436,8150,2242,1655,55(e)+31,8%Jan-Feb 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,8%+7,8%+36,4%
Corn price (Bordeaux) (€\Ton)160166229313279279+0,2%Jan-Mar 2023
National Soybean price (Bologna) (€\Ton)338383588632639546-14,5%Jan-Mar 2023
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**459473476483
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**280(e)290(e)292(e)-
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**224(e)235(e)239(e)-
Goats ('000)**12.12511.75011.23410.854
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.454(e)2.521(e)2.473(e)-
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.718(e)1.828(e)1.806(e)-
Sheeps ('000)**62.47060.09758.78157.650
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.967(e)2.984(e)2.976(e)-
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.038(e)2.161(e)2.122(e)-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201920202021202220222023%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)22.28023.10522.84022.6681.9661.981(e)+0,8%Jan 2023
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.4582.4632.5272.535199209(e)+4,9%Jan 2023
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**128143143-
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.6837.7357.5717.550615622+1,1%Jan 2023
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.0852.1372.0752.073161166(e)+2,9%Jan 2023
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**104101105-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**204210198-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)9.95810.16410.314-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.3181.3721.403-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**641679681-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.7391.8451.906-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.6121.6831.702-
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**644245-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.5523.5593.624-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.1639.2959.433-
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**232231233-
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**201204198-
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**443479525-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.1609.3899.5049.480768777(e)+1,2%Jan 2023
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**629603604-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)9131.0359939568278-4,7%Jan 2023
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)8068217517126562(e)-3,8%Jan 2023
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**556054-
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.3501.3801.2941.298111108(e)-2,0%Jan 2023
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**858149-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.7251.6321.743-
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)**53.73556.37555.020-
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)**16.13916.68516.428-
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)**2.3252.5332.575-
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**2.0411.9521.961-
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**128113114-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.3481.4021.3861.34610095-4,4%Jan 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.1661.1841.1891.1489588-7,6%Jan 2023
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers9401.0501.0988287555-26,7%Jan 2023
Whole (04012091) TOP importers6236777735655238-27,4%Jan 2023
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1992011751651412-12,9%Jan 2023
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers118172149989,55,4-42,7%Jan 2023
Whey (0404) TOP importers7838138327826162+1,0%Jan 2023
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers6476957176635454-0,3%Jan 2023
SMP (040210) TOP importers9458317887115362+16,2%Jan 2023
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers6166015085784050+24,0%Jan 2023
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers5235345445104540-12,1%Jan 2023
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers21120622332510,013+25,9%Jan 2023
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1561711701947,610+34,5%Jan 2023
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers11124,0130,71,0+44,3%Jan 2023
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers4423491181,61,3-22,3%Jan 2023
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers3323383412962529+17,6%Jan 2023
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers2092272662622119-12,6%Jan 2023
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers2973122632551923+19,2%Jan 2023
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers443830262,32,3-2,1%Jan 2023
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers2232732622532221-5,1%Jan 2023
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers3153452982412417-28,4%Jan 2023
Other Product 150159163153119,9-9,8%Jan 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)625852524,64,8+4,2%Jan 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
2033144274033331-4,4%Jan 2023
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
159137961018,08,0+0,6%Jan 2023
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters6365785145928457-32,3%Jan 2023
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters5995635045828356-32,1%Jan 2023
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters5,22,96,78,90,70,6-14,0%Jan 2023
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters32132,71,20,50,0-93,6%Jan 2023
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters2122231971871413-5,6%Jan 2023
Whey (0404) TOP exporters11411289937,25,5-23,7%Jan 2023
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters11110788917,25,4-24,2%Jan 2023
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters665951873,44,1+19,1%Jan 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters1398777787,27,2+0,3%Jan 2023
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters734847713,75,3+43,2%Jan 2023
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters221819261,53,6+130,7%Jan 2023
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters979550493,64,4+24,0%Jan 2023
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters364025272,02,6+28,8%Jan 2023
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters293420161,51,7+14,3%Jan 2023
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters31205,65,90,00,1+239,6%Jan 2023
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters423437382,22,4+9,3%Jan 2023
SMP (040210) TOP exporters563632373,32,0-38,8%Jan 2023
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters252218351,84,5+148,4%Jan 2023
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters464526332,71,1-59,0%Jan 2023
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters161224311,51,7+12,9%Jan 2023
Other Product 705534432,92,1-28,3%Jan 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)17118,7100,70,5-26,9%Jan 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
161628262,01,8-8,2%Jan 2023
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
13116,46,50,50,7+59,3%Jan 2023
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201920202021202220222023%Period
Cheese9.0199.1839.3619.3659.3659.415+0,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter1.9001.9091.9271.8901.8901.845-2,4%Jan-Dec 2023
SMP835795748785785790+0,6%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP424418376390390380-2,6%Jan-Dec 2023
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201920202021202220222023%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate119,0%118,1%117,4%113,2%%Jan 2023
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,83% -5,80% 5,35% 3,56% 0,33% Jan-Dic 2023
CPI (consumer price index) 1,42% 0,69% 2,90% 9,19% 5,60% Jan-Dic 2023
Population ('000) 446.446 447.320 447.207 446.735
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 21-03-2023
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-27 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it