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Europe 2023

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2023 (January-November)
EU-27: 117,5%

(Click here to see the detail)
2023
(January-November)

CENTRAL EUROPE
134,3%

EASTERN EUROPE
106,5%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
78,1%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

138,5%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 79.726.111 19.714.227 21.202.590 12.614.200
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 55,10% 13,63% 14,65% 8,72%
Import (Ton ME)* 9.954.485 4.970.390 12.595.472 2.614.697
Export (Ton ME)* 30.302.669 6.169.288 6.640.265 6.121.562
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 38,01% 31,29% 31,32% 48,53%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 59.377.927 18.515.329 27.157.797 9.107.335
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  Jan-Nov
2012
Jan-Nov
2013
Jan-Nov
2014
Jan-Nov
2015
Jan-Nov
2016
Jan-Nov
2017
Jan-Nov
2018
Jan-Nov
2019
Jan-Nov
2020
Jan-Nov
2021
Jan-Nov
2022
Jan-Nov
2023
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 116.957 117.373 122.749 125.525 127.154 129.128 130.552 131.058 133.375 133.117 133.132 133.257
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 2.171 2.210 2.610 2.828 2.854 3.028 3.147 3.340 2.968 2.581 2.696 2.618
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 19.341 18.307 19.956 20.690 20.249 22.927 22.639 24.583 23.884 23.241 21.108 22.508
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 99.787 101.275 105.403 107.662 109.759 109.229 111.060 109.814 112.460 112.457 114.720 113.367
± % domestic use incl. stock - +1,49% +4,08% +2,14% +1,95% -0,48% +1,68% -1,12% +2,41% 0,00% +2,01% -1,18%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 117,2% 115,9% 116,5% 116,6% 115,8% 118,2% 117,6% 119,3% 118,6% 118,4% 116,0% 117,5%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.
 




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