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France: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 16,6% of EU milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 36,8% of the milk deliveries (year 2023),
  • accounts for 12,3% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2022).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

FRANCE: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201920202021202220222023%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)18.17317.81617.33016.98616.98616.807-1,1%Jan-Dec 2023
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)3.4913.4063.3223.2313.2313.165-2,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.6501.6511.6331.5681.5681.454-7,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)52.26646.41523.18341.55336.91429.148-21,0%Jan-Nov 2023
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)391.8934121.6031.6034.744+195,9%Jan-Nov 2023
Milk production25.06225.23524.78123.988
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,7%-1,8%-3,2%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)24.52624.60224.20024.05724.05723.415(e)-2,7%Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,3%-1,6%-0,6%
% Delivery on production ***97,9%97,5%97,7%100,3%
% Protein3,26%3,27%3,27%3,25%3,25%3,29% Jan-Dec 2023
% Fat4,06%4,07%4,09%4,06%4,06%4,12% Jan-Dec 2023
Sheep milk production (x 1.000 liters)
Goat milk production (x 1.000 liters)
Farm-gate milk prices** m.g. 3,8% p.v. prot. 3,2% p.v.(€ per 100 lt, + IVA)35,1234,7736,3343,6643,6646,05+5,5%Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,0%+4,5%+20,2%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)1.0281.1531.2901.3281.3281.268-4,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ per 100 lt, + IVA)46,3746,4946,1246,7146,7149,15+5,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow)1.0761.2191.339-
Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Goats ('000)1.2421.4141.3881.3111.3111.275-2,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)655710718718
Goat Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)500522526534534530-0,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Goat Milk Prices (€ per 100 lt, + IVA)73,7376,2179,3485,1985,1992,44+8,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Sheeps ('000)7.1056.9996.9956.5986.5986.576-0,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)319344350343
Sheep Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)301308311305305300-1,6%Jan-Dec 2023
DAIRY PRODUCTION201920202021202220222023%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)3.0083.0682.8022.6872.6872.673-0,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)514535548548548560+2,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.3701.4151.3471.3361.3361.343+0,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)414413408409409403-1,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)46444043
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)21211921
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)1.9031.8621.8801.910
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)555498488532
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)374398408401
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)345346346337
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)630621639639
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)1.7301.6831.6981.729
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)65676967
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)100899089
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)8,0222324
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)1.6961.6711.7171.7291.7291.711-1,0%Jan-Dec 2023
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)135141133128
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)65127125696957-17,2%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)109129127119119113-4,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)29373234
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)416409404380380363-4,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)26262827
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)71607475
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)3.6742.8843.3453.322
of which
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)528412480477
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)49393864
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
682688675707
EXPORT2019202020212022Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2022
2023
%
2022
2023
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers680657665666
607
598
-1,5%
159
149
-6,1%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers419476391428
394
369
-6,3%
22
21
-6,0%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers295353297321
298
305
+2,3%
21
20
-5,3%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers7,80,60,31,5
1,4
0,7
-49,4%
0,1
0,2
+202,6%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers11612394106
95
64
-32,8%
0,6
0,2
-57,7%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers343340332326
302
312
+3,2%
99
93
-5,5%
Whey (0404) TOP importers374368396324
298
295
-1,0%
154
131
-14,7%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers312307326264
241
240
-0,3%
144
127
-11,4%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers180171204240
221
187
-15,0%
94
84
-10,5%
SMP (040210) TOP importers272264273228
206
218
+5,5%
115
129
+12,4%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers162176189175
160
210
+31,0%
85
84
-0,5%
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers184175154163
147
152
+3,0%
104
100
-3,6%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers321278186154
144
95
-34,2%
51
43
-16,5%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers1121016649
46
27
-41,0%
20
17
-16,5%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1811379379
73
49
-33,2%
26
21
-18,5%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers27412726
24
18
-24,1%
4,8
4,6
-5,0%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers79110106102
91
92
+0,2%
1,6
1,2
-23,6%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers9292100100
92
97
+5,5%
51
51
+0,2%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers18172117
16
19
+19,4%
4,6
5,1
+11,5%
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers69778475
69
66
-4,4%
30
32
+6,6%
Other Product 88979490
84
84
-0,3%
42
41
-2,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)83878458
55
35
-36,5%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
78112132152
143
119
-16,8%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
14151618
17
11
-32,9%
-
-
-
IMPORT2019202020212022Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2022
2023
%
2022
2023
%
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters380402508458
425
442
+4,2%
36
36
+1,2%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters230240265254
235
158
-32,9%
55
36
-34,3%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters174183213199
185
125
-32,2%
55
36
-34,3%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters221200216241
221
234
+6,2%
11
9,2
-13,7%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters25202532
29
27
-7,1%
6,5
6,9
+6,6%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters171148163142
129
139
+7,9%
3,8
16
+317,6%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters9791112126
117
108
-7,5%
18
18
-0,7%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters9796101105
97
97
+0,1%
1,2
1,5
+19,6%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters53476185
77
73
-5,0%
12
8,0
-35,7%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters86715171
64
72
+12,3%
0,1
0,7
+882,5%
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters68573959
53
64
+21,2%
0,1
0,7
+887,2%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters149,87,48,4
7,6
3,7
-51,2%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters4,14,24,63,4
3,3
3,8
+17,0%
-
-
-
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters35403641
38
36
-5,0%
2,2
1,6
-28,8%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters30333439
36
38
+7,0%
6,9
6,5
-5,2%
SMP (040210) TOP exporters42353538
36
34
-5,4%
1,4
3,3
+132,9%
Other Product 1311149067
61
66
+7,6%
5,2
6,2
+18,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)13131613
12
10
-12,4%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
52607275
69
69
-0,1%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
25242124
22
25
+13,9%
-
-
-
% Self-sufficiency rate133,1%131,7%126,7%125,7%124,6%Jan-Nov 2023
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,89% -7,68% 6,36% 2,53% 2,53% 0,82% Jan-Dic 2023
CPI (consumer price index) 1,30% 0,52% 2,07% 5,91% 5,91% 5,66% Jan-Dic 2023
Population ('000) 67.178 67.320 67.657 67.872 67.872 68.173 +0,4% Jan-Dic 2023
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 41.939 40.162 44.853 (e) 44.747 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 37.461 35.139 37.923(e) 42.493(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

** Prix toutes primes comprises, toutes qualités confondues, ramené à un lait standard (38g de MG / 32g de MP).
Ce prix est le prix payé aux producteurs au cours du mois, il peut inclure des avances.
*** Prix du lait bio à la production, toutes primes comprises, toutes qualités confondues, ramené à un un lait standard (38g de MG,32g de MP).

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Production, Cow Delivery and % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: FranceAgriMer, ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).
According to EUROSTAT, deliveries could be higher than milk production when dairies collect also milk from farms located outside the Member State.
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 28-02-2024
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