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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,4% of EU milk deliveries (year 2023),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 55,6% of the milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • accounts for 22,6% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2023).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

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MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA202020212022202320232024%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)11.30211.04010.99710.836
of which
     Dairy Cows ('000 head)3.9213.8333.8103.7133.7753.668-2,8%May 2024
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.1061.1191.0081.0113333340,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)75.46057.24631.88036.70312.11013.612+12,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.8641.5062191.97547469+897,9%Jan-Apr 2024
Milk production33.16532.50732.399
± % Over the same period of the previous year-2,0%-0,3%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)32.54931.94231.94732.42413.83013.867+0,3%Jan-May 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,9%0,0%+1,5%
% Delivery on production ***98,1%98,3%98,6%
% Protein3,47%3,46%3,44%3,46%3,47%3,48% Jan-May 2024
% Fat4,13%4,15%4,08%4,12%4,16%4,12% Jan-May 2024
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)32,8436,2753,1845,3449,1944,53-9,5%Jan-May 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+10,4%+46,6%-14,7%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)1.2341.2661.3181.382594608+2,3%Jan-May 2024
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,7849,8157,6157,3960,3155,96-7,2%Jan-May 2024
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow)1.2341.2721.323-
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)11111212
Goats ('000)161164159163
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)161515135,64,7-17,1%Jan-May 2024
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)697072787777-0,3%Jan-May 2024
Sheeps ('000)1.4841.5081.5171.560
DAIRY PRODUCTION202020212022202320232024%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.5664.3804.1034.0321.6911.707+1,0%Jan-May 2024
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)530544525521213227+6,5%Jan-May 2024
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8241.7511.6911.695708750+5,9%Jan-May 2024
of which
     Yoghurt products673643637655558293-47,4%Jan-Oct 2024
Buttermilk products1049892867434-53,5%Jan-Oct 2024
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)506471473480220219-0,6%Jan-May 2024
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)52586157
Mixed fats898478786433-49,1%Jan-Oct 2024
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)8,07,77,77,6
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.4492.4612.4302.4511.0261.072+4,5%Jan-May 2024
Hard cheese (Hartkäse)19318918718015278-48,6%Jan-Oct 2024
Sour milk cheese (Sauermilchquarkerzeugnisse)23222019168,6-47,1%Jan-Oct 2024
Cut cheese (Schnittkäse)745759751778647342-47,2%Jan-Oct 2024
Semi-hard cheese (Halbfester Schnittkäse)565757564626-44,2%Jan-Oct 2024
Soft cheese (Weichkäse)16716816515913371-46,8%Jan-Oct 2024
Pasta Filata cheese (Pasta Filata Käse)425447456462388195-49,8%Jan-Oct 2024
Cream cheese (Frischkäse)835816790792667351-47,4%Jan-Oct 2024
Cooked and whey cheese (Koch- und Molkenkäse)3,94,23,93,73,01,8-41,3%Jan-Oct 2024
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.3552.3612.3342.361
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)160160158152
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)55555554
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)724733725753
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)154149148146
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.2621.2651.2481.255
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3542.3592.3332.360
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)323305292293127143+12,8%Jan-May 2024
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)283292309281131136+3,7%Jan-May 2024
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)417353352347165151-8,7%Jan-May 2024
Buttermilk powder25222422189,3-49,4%Jan-Oct 2024
Other powdered milk products16117517917714974-50,2%Jan-Oct 2024
Processed Cheese19320420920617188-48,3%Jan-Oct 2024
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)585643703721
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)16.38016.45313.90714.053
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)2.1792.1881.8501.869
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)786790668675
     Whey (in powder or in block)317370371384321159-50,4%Jan-Oct 2024
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
673696764709
EXPORT2020202120222023Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.3181.2351.3241.413
461
484
+5,0%
68
69
+1,5%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.2369969291.238
377
472
+25,2%
4,3
3,1
-28,1%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers9708588101.064
319
406
+27,3%
1,0
3,1
+202,1%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers64412738
13
4,5
-64,8%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers2029792135
45
62
+35,8%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers669586600594
193
214
+11,0%
38
38
-0,7%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers694674496523
162
154
-4,9%
103
86
-16,8%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers388413276306
90
88
-2,2%
72
58
-19,2%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers160136143150
50
49
-1,8%
13
14
+11,9%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers1461247866
23
18
-22,4%
18
13
-26,8%
Whey (0404) TOP importers542516501469
153
155
+1,4%
43
45
+4,2%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers478458444420
137
139
+1,5%
41
43
+4,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers393370392403
128
147
+14,4%
34
40
+20,2%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers303268315371
132
122
-7,7%
25
19
-22,5%
SMP (040210) TOP importers370300293297
114
98
-13,9%
44
35
-19,6%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers236221249261
87
91
+5,1%
38
46
+20,1%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers221215228243
81
66
-19,0%
10
12
+14,0%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers156143146153
58
61
+4,7%
4,7
4,5
-3,8%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers21222421
8,1
5,7
-29,7%
0,4
0,3
-15,2%
Other Product 201183223247
81
79
-1,9%
35
37
+5,9%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)10,08,89,88,8
2,9
4,3
+50,3%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
1081007887
24
38
+59,2%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
77728290
30
33
+9,9%
-
-
-
IMPORT2020202120222023Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.3562.2042.5222.749
855
953
+11,5%
0,8
1,0
+18,6%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters2.2182.0682.3572.625
811
911
+12,3%
0,8
1,0
+18,6%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters15222219
6,7
8,4
+24,9%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters123114144105
37
34
-9,2%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters894843891892
285
308
+7,9%
12
14
+15,0%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters602604631577
199
197
-0,8%
0,8
1,8
+133,0%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters535517518470
166
158
-5,0%
0,7
1,7
+131,2%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters215177200250
78
78
0,0%
0,0
0,3
>1000%
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters626184116
35
41
+18,9%
0,0
0,2
>1000%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters153116115134
43
37
-14,8%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,60,80,60,7
0,3
0,2
-38,7%
0,0
0,1
>1000%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters175184204218
64
75
+17,3%
0,4
0,3
-3,8%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters195186194160
54
69
+28,8%
0,2
0,2
+16,3%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters192188170152
60
44
-25,3%
0,1
0,1
-26,0%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters21191919
6,8
5,5
-19,7%
0,1
0,1
-4,7%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters9898107119
36
40
+9,6%
2,9
3,5
+18,8%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters114101116100
34
47
+38,0%
0,1
0,7
+904,6%
Other Product 246210240239
79
82
+3,7%
1,3
1,1
-15,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)54837766
24
17
-26,9%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
154190138209
47
85
+80,9%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
18111513
4,0
4,9
+21,2%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)202020212022202320232024%Period
Cheese25,325,324,623,8
di cui
Fresh cheeses7,16,96,46,3
Butter6,36,15,65,6
Cream5,35,35,15,0
Condensed Milk1,61,41,20,3
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,51,31,61,7
% Self-sufficiency rate128,5%124,1%122,8%126,8%126,2%Jan-Apr 2024
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) -6,25% 5,89% 3,46% 0,57% 0,57% 0,70% Jan-Dic 2024
CPI (consumer price index) 0,37% 3,21% 8,67% 6,03% 6,03% 2,90% Jan-Dic 2024
Population ('000) 83.167 83.155 83.237 84.359
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 46.735 51.238 48.636 (e) 51.384 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 40.890 43.321 46.186(e) 47.520(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2024 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 18-07-2024
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Germany with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it