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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,1% of EU milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 55,6% of the milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • accounts for 22,2% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2022).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201920202021202220222023%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)11.64011.30211.04010.99710.99710.836-1,5%Jan-Dec 2023
of which
     Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.0123.9213.8333.8103.8103.713-2,5%Nov 2023
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.1861.1061.1191.0081.0081.006-0,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)89.13675.46061.54331.88029.52332.122+8,8%Jan-Nov 2023
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)6221.8641.530219217120-44,7%Jan-Nov 2023
Milk production33.08033.16532.50732.399
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,3%-2,0%-0,3%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)32.44232.54931.94231.94731.94732.423(e)+1,5%Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,3%-1,9%0,0%
% Delivery on production ***98,1%98,1%98,3%98,6%
% Protein3,47%3,47%3,46%3,44%3,44%3,46% Jan-Dec 2023
% Fat4,13%4,13%4,15%4,08%4,08%4,12% Jan-Dec 2023
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)33,7032,8436,2753,18105,4944,63-57,7%Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year-2,6%+10,4%+46,6%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)1.1851.2341.2661.3181.3181.382+4,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,1047,7849,8157,6157,6157,39-0,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow)1.1851.2341.272-
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)101111121212+4,0%Jan-Dec 2023
Goats ('000)141161164159159163+2,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)151615151513-13,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)676970727278+7,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Sheeps ('000)1.5571.4841.5081.5171.5171.559+2,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)--0,2-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201920202021202220222023%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.5234.5664.3804.1034.1034.032-1,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)554530544525525521-0,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8561.8241.7511.6911.6911.695+0,3%Jan-Dec 2023
of which
     Yoghurt products662673643637637655+2,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Buttermilk products10810498929286-7,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)497506471473473480+1,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)51525861
Mixed fats528984787878+0,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)7,98,07,77,7
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3892.4492.4612.4302.4302.451+0,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Hard cheese (Hartkäse)189193189187187180-3,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Sour milk cheese (Sauermilchquarkerzeugnisse)232322202019-1,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Cut cheese (Schnittkäse)739745759751751778+3,6%Jan-Dec 2023
Semi-hard cheese (Halbfester Schnittkäse)565657575756-2,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Soft cheese (Weichkäse)152167168165165159-3,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Pasta Filata cheese (Pasta Filata Käse)401425447456456462+1,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Cream cheese (Frischkäse)824835816790790792+0,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Cooked and whey cheese (Koch- und Molkenkäse)4,03,94,23,93,93,7-6,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2972.3552.3612.334
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)145160160158
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)55555555
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)719724733725
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)151154149148
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.2281.2621.2651.248
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2962.3542.3592.333
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)325323305292292293+0,2%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)289283292309309305(e)-1,5%Jan-Dec 2023
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)393417353352352347-1,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Buttermilk powder262522242422-8,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Other powdered milk products155161175179179177-0,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Processed Cheese191193204209209206-1,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)588585643703
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)13.67016.38016.45313.907
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)1.8182.1792.1881.850
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)656786790668
     Whey (in powder or in block)310317370371371384+3,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
647673696764
EXPORT2019202020212022Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2022
2023
%
2022
2023
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2761.3181.3651.324
1.223
1.302
+6,5%
182
192
+5,5%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.4141.2361.101929
825
1.122
+36,0%
9,7
8,3
-14,5%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.087970943810
726
958
+32,0%
1,5
4,8
+223,5%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers69645027
25
38
+52,2%
8,1
3,4
-58,0%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers25820210892
74
126
+69,3%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers666669641600
561
554
-1,3%
108
105
-3,4%
Whey (0404) TOP importers496542568501
462
434
-6,1%
121
122
+0,4%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers434478503444
410
389
-5,0%
114
117
+2,6%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers705694733496
462
491
+6,2%
300
325
+8,5%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers384388454276
257
287
+11,8%
204
231
+13,4%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers194160149143
132
141
+6,4%
35
44
+26,7%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers12714613078
73
63
-13,9%
61
50
-18,1%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers397393401392
362
370
+2,2%
101
107
+5,4%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers305303295315
285
342
+19,9%
47
66
+40,3%
SMP (040210) TOP importers406370327293
266
278
+4,7%
76
100
+32,0%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers234236243249
224
240
+7,1%
103
108
+5,3%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers211221239228
208
224
+7,9%
27
32
+21,0%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers160156156146
134
140
+4,2%
11
13
+17,1%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers22212424
22
19
-13,7%
0,8
1,2
+47,5%
Other Product 208201201223
205
227
+10,7%
92
95
+3,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)1110,09,59,8
9,0
8,1
-9,6%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
7710810878
70
79
+12,8%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
79777982
76
85
+11,2%
-
-
-
IMPORT2019202020212022Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2022
2023
%
2022
2023
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters1.9792.3562.4112.522
2.318
2.492
+7,5%
2,1
2,6
+21,0%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters1.8412.2182.2632.357
2.165
2.377
+9,8%
2,1
2,6
+21,2%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters21152522
19
19
+0,1%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters118123123144
134
96
-28,5%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters870894914891
812
801
-1,4%
35
34
-3,2%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters662602655631
572
526
-8,1%
2,4
3,5
+48,0%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters581535562518
470
430
-8,5%
1,7
3,3
+102,8%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters167175199204
185
199
+7,4%
1,1
1,0
-5,0%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters223215196200
185
227
+22,8%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters65626784
78
104
+33,9%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters158153128115
106
122
+14,7%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,80,60,80,6
0,6
0,6
+9,6%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters177195202194
180
144
-19,8%
0,5
0,5
+6,9%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters166192204170
159
141
-11,7%
0,3
0,2
-29,9%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters21212019
18
18
+3,2%
0,2
0,2
+8,2%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters113114111116
109
91
-16,1%
0,0
1,1
>1000%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters9898107107
99
106
+7,9%
11
8,9
-15,4%
Other Product 253246227240
220
218
-0,9%
4,5
3,1
-31,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)50549077
73
60
-17,9%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
92154206138
130
196
+50,5%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
21181315
14
11
-17,8%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201920202021202220222023%Period
Cheese25,125,325,3n.d.
di cui
Fresh cheeses7,07,16,9n.d.
Butter5,86,36,1n.d.
Cream5,75,75,3n.d.
Condensed Milk1,61,61,4n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,01,51,0n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate133,5%128,5%128,0%122,8%128,4%Jan-Nov 2023
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,61% -6,24% 5,90% 3,43% 3,43% 0,45% Jan-Dic 2023
CPI (consumer price index) 1,35% 0,37% 3,21% 8,67% 8,67% 6,04% Jan-Dic 2023
Population ('000) 83.019 83.167 83.155 83.237 83.237 84.359 +1,3% Jan-Dic 2023
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 46.800 46.216 50.795 (e) 51.104 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 41.803 40.435 42.947(e) 48.530(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2023 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 28-02-2024
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