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Prices of livestock foods: oilseeds and by-products

This page contains the wholesale prices for Oilseeds and by-products, recorded weekly by the Milan Chamber of Commerce with regard to the following products: The prices recorded over the last ten weeks are listed in the table, while the graph to the side illustrates price trends over the last three years.

The graph below shows the historical comparison between the prices of the foods considered.

This page ends with a chart that shows the cost of protein obtained from some of the products listed. The calculation is as follows: market value of the feed / protein titre (as fed) The protein titre for each product is included in the table.
Source of the protein titre used is INEA - Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria.
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Italian soybeans
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
467,00 470,00 +1,08%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
462,00 465,00 0,00%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
462,00 465,00 +4,04%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
444,00 447,00 +1,60%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
437,00 440,00 +1,62%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
430,00 433,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
430,00 433,00 -1,37%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
435,00 440,00 -1,57%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
442,00 447,00 -0,67%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
445,00 450,00 0,00%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1050 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Italian soybeans


€/ton

2009 2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 329 451 346 366 490 595 556 464 -2,25% -16,56%
February 347 455 343 369 514 627 565 444 -4,26% -21,37%
March 340 475 336 377 565 694 539 437 -1,69% -18,90%
April 377 473 336 389 657 701 513 465 +6,51% -9,24%
May 401 458 330 383 704 688 465
June 389 439 339 398 705 643 470
July 364 427 341 n.q. n.q. 635 491
August 374 n.q. 339 n.q. n.q. n.q. n.q.
September 322 325 340 379 533 618 n.q.
October 319 324 342 390 600 613 414
November 323 339 343 413 614 591 461
December 338 345 349 440 599 545 475
Jan - Apr 348 464 340 375 557 656 546 451
Change (1) +9,51% +33,19% -26,69% +10,41% +48,30% +17,93% -16,86% -17,39%
Jan - Dec 352 413 340 391 585 635 494
Change (1) +27,01% +17,31% -17,63% +14,87% +49,87% +8,53% -22,32%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2009, 2014, 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Foreign soybeans
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
464,00 468,00 +0,65%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
461,00 465,00 -5,41%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
486,00 493,00 +4,93%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
463,00 470,00 +2,64%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
451,00 458,00 +2,25%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
441,00 448,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
441,00 448,00 -1,55%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
448,00 455,00 -2,90%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
458,00 472,00 -1,06%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
463,00 477,00 -2,08%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1060 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Foreign soybeans


€/ton

2009 2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 328 447 353 380 494 553 576 493 -1,40% -14,42%
February 348 453 347 376 513 606 584 467 -5,35% -20,15%
March 340 474 343 382 540 691 552 453 -3,03% -18,06%
April 375 464 342 388 552 683 528 473 +4,49% -10,45%
May 399 456 333 368 556 681 479
June 388 443 351 358 523 662 488
July 363 429 348 361 508 646 509
August 376 430 345 358 512 655 515
September 337 405 347 380 508 652 492
October 332 n.q. 360 402 501 633 427
November 330 382 362 428 504 608 474
December 340 376 367 447 531 561 500
Jan - Apr 348 460 346 381 526 636 563 473
Change (1) +7,03% +32,22% -24,73% +10,25% +37,79% +21,10% -11,50% -16,10%
Jan - Dec 355 435 350 386 520 637 516
Change (1) +25,13% +22,65% -19,63% +10,56% +34,60% +22,56% -19,11%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2009, 2014, 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Linseed cake
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
504,00 520,00 0,00%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
504,00 520,00 +3,02%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
489,00 505,00 +4,19%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
469,00 485,00 +2,14%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
459,00 475,00 +1,08%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
454,00 470,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
454,00 470,00 0,00%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
454,00 470,00 0,00%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
454,00 470,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
454,00 470,00 0,00%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1250 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Linseed cake


€/ton

2009 2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 390 489 383 422 404 532 598 466 -1,83% -22,20%
February 386 479 384 419 403 554 596 462 -0,75% -22,52%
March 385 474 381 405 386 557 568 467 +1,08% -17,80%
April 385 471 381 401 388 n.q. 548 507 +8,57% -7,54%
May 385 459 383 392 403 610 531
June 385 443 385 388 404 579 513
July 384 423 397 377 404 579 498
August 383 413 396 367 409 579 503
September 364 395 396 365 426 588 485
October 354 393 396 377 469 588 459
November 360 393 396 387 474 590 470
December 368 395 413 392 495 591 474
Jan - Apr 387 478 382 411 395 545 581 473
Change (1) +22,26% +23,61% -20,02% +7,67% -4,07% +37,99% +6,66% -18,61%
Jan - Dec 377 435 390 392 421 578 522
Change (1) +26,21% +15,28% -10,30% +0,35% +7,38% +37,52% -9,84%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2009, 2014, 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Italian soybean meal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
486,00 490,00 +5,40%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
461,00 465,00 -1,07%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
466,00 470,00 -1,47%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
473,00 477,00 -2,66%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
486,00 490,00 -2,98%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
501,00 505,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
501,00 505,00 -5,63%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
531,00 535,00 -5,83%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
564,00 568,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
564,00 568,00 -3,41%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1340 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Italian soybean meal


€/ton

2009 2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 349 467 349 358 505 517 631 578 +2,42% -8,34%
February 351 471 339 361 515 545 626 563 -2,64% -10,07%
March 322 480 336 399 471 607 594 492 -12,53% -17,09%
April 359 494 338 395 458 591 565 473 -3,91% -16,33%
May 385 483 332 353 448 553 526
June 372 456 352 334 419 549 511
July 348 408 335 332 424 564 514
August 353 410 328 338 416 584 526
September 335 393 328 357 433 586 515
October 325 393 333 404 441 611 526
November 337 416 336 443 444 581 592
December 345 414 347 446 480 600 564
Jan - Apr 345 479 340 379 486 568 608 533
Change (1) +13,13% +38,76% -28,96% +11,46% +28,16% +16,78% +7,12% -12,32%
Jan - Dec 348 440 338 378 454 574 558
Change (1) +36,16% +26,45% -23,30% +11,94% +20,07% +26,47% -2,83%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2009, 2014, 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Foreign soybean meal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
478,00 480,00 +5,51%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
453,00 455,00 -0,66%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
456,00 458,00 -1,51%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
463,00 465,00 -2,73%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
476,00 478,00 -4,02%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
496,00 498,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
496,00 498,00 -5,69%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
526,00 528,00 -6,39%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
562,00 564,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
562,00 564,00 -3,43%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1350 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Foreign soybean meal


€/ton

2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 468 347 354 503 514 631 575 +2,43% -8,82%
February 471 337 357 513 542 625 559 -2,78% -10,52%
March 481 334 395 467 604 592 484 -13,46% -18,29%
April 495 336 394 455 587 561 463 -4,22% -17,46%
May 483 330 352 445 550 525
June 457 350 332 416 546 507
July 408 333 330 420 561 510
August 410 326 337 413 581 522
September 393 326 355 430 583 507
October 394 331 402 437 607 521
November 416 333 441 440 578 589
December 414 343 445 477 599 561
Jan - Apr 479 338 376 483 564 607 527
Change (1) - -29,45% +11,18% +28,53% +16,70% +7,53% -13,07%
Jan - Dec 441 335 376 451 571 555
Change (1) - -23,95% +12,13% +19,90% +26,64% -2,81%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for year 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Italian decorticated soybean meal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
497,00 500,00 +5,28%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
472,00 475,00 -1,46%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
479,00 482,00 -1,03%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
484,00 487,00 -2,61%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
497,00 500,00 -2,92%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
512,00 515,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
512,00 515,00 -5,52%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
542,00 545,00 -5,72%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
575,00 578,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
575,00 578,00 -3,35%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1360 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Italian decorticated soybean meal


€/ton

2009 2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 357 473 362 369 517 533 645 593 +2,15% -8,03%
February 359 494 350 372 529 561 639 573 -3,38% -10,32%
March 330 494 348 410 486 622 607 503 -12,30% -17,21%
April 366 504 350 414 474 604 579 484 -3,70% -16,35%
May 393 491 344 362 464 567 540
June 381 464 364 344 435 563 526
July 356 416 346 341 439 578 528
August 362 418 340 347 432 599 540
September 342 401 340 364 449 601 530
October 332 401 344 407 456 625 542
November 346 424 346 448 459 594 609
December 360 422 356 452 496 614 581
Jan - Apr 351 492 352 393 500 582 622 545
Change (1) - +40,00% -28,37% +11,45% +27,46% +16,37% +6,79% -12,31%
Jan - Dec 356 450 349 387 469 588 573
Change (1) - +26,40% -22,46% +11,05% +21,06% +25,39% -2,64%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2014, 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Foreign decorticated soybean meal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
487,00 490,00 +5,39%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
462,00 465,00 -1,49%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
469,00 472,00 -1,05%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
474,00 477,00 -2,66%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
487,00 490,00 -3,93%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
507,00 510,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
507,00 510,00 -5,57%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
537,00 540,00 -6,27%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
573,00 576,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
573,00 576,00 -3,36%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1370 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Foreign decorticated soybean meal


€/ton

2009 2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 355 474 359 366 516 532 645 589 +2,44% -8,63%
February 358 494 348 369 528 560 639 571 -3,21% -10,75%
March 328 494 345 408 485 621 607 495 -13,19% -18,34%
April 365 504 346 413 473 603 576 474 -4,26% -17,66%
May 392 491 340 359 463 566 536
June 380 465 360 342 434 562 521
July 355 416 343 340 438 577 520
August 361 418 338 346 431 598 532
September 341 401 338 363 448 600 518
October 330 402 342 408 455 619 535
November 347 424 343 447 458 593 603
December 289 422 353 451 495 614 575
Jan - Apr 350 492 349 390 499 581 621 540
Change (1) - +40,75% -29,10% +11,86% +27,92% +16,40% +6,85% -13,12%
Jan - Dec 348 451 346 386 468 587 568
Change (1) - +29,55% -23,18% +11,53% +21,27% +25,40% -3,27%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2014, 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Sunflower wholemeal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
201,00 203,00 0,00%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
201,00 203,00 0,00%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
201,00 203,00 0,00%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
201,00 203,00 0,00%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
201,00 203,00 0,00%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
201,00 203,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
201,00 203,00 +3,59%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
194,00 196,00 -2,50%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
199,00 201,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
199,00 201,00 0,00%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1310 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Sunflower wholemeal


€/ton

2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 171 189 184 n.q. 255 315 207 +1,37% -34,38%
February 177 203 224 n.q. n.q. 320 199 -3,89% -37,89%
March 198 196 193 n.q. n.q. 314 202 +1,64% -35,62%
April 211 198 204 279 n.q. 298 202 0,00% -32,29%
May 214 207 198 285 n.q. 288
June 218 208 202 280 n.q. 278
July 219 205 201 266 n.q. 259
August 219 202 202 260 n.q. 236
September 187 190 191 228 297 217
October 164 175 184 233 299 195
November 172 175 213 247 311 192
December 174 176 n.q. 248 306 204
Jan - Apr 191 197 200 279 255 313 203
Change (1) - +3,26% +1,91% +39,05% -8,70% +22,99% -35,24%
Jan - Dec 193 193 198 259 300 247
Change (1) - +0,35% +2,32% +30,84% +15,91% -17,78%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for year 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Decorticated sunflower meal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
287,00 297,00 +0,69%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
285,00 295,00 0,00%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
285,00 295,00 +1,75%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
280,00 290,00 0,00%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
280,00 290,00 -1,72%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
285,00 295,00 0,00%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
285,00 295,00 -6,45%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
305,00 315,00 -3,73%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
319,00 325,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
319,00 325,00 -1,53%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1320 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Decorticated sunflower meal


€/ton

2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 252 240 242 336 345 384 355 -5,73% -7,54%
February 247 243 239 333 348 380 320 -9,69% -15,81%
March 267 233 241 321 470 382 288 -10,23% -24,64%
April 281 235 257 323 453 367 291 +1,10% -20,84%
May 277 243 246 340 418 352
June 274 252 244 328 381 338
July 262 246 244 320 361 337
August 255 239 245 321 369 346
September 258 234 265 324 361 334
October 255 235 301 337 387 322
November 256 225 327 334 390 361
December 260 233 323 343 379 376
Jan - Apr 263 238 244 328 408 379 317
Change (1) - -9,59% +2,79% +34,27% +24,39% -7,02% -16,33%
Jan - Dec 262 238 265 330 391 356
Change (1) - -9,23% +11,08% +24,56% +18,65% -9,04%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for year 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price
Survey date
Food for livestock - Oilseeds and by-products -
Rapeseed meal
€ per Ton
Min Max ± on prev. price
Tuesday   16 Apr 2024
368,00 371,00 +1,37%
Tuesday   9 Apr 2024
363,00 366,00 -1,35%
Tuesday   2 Apr 2024
368,00 371,00 0,00%
Tuesday   26 Mar 2024
368,00 371,00 0,00%
Tuesday   19 Mar 2024
368,00 371,00 -1,34%
Tuesday   12 Mar 2024
373,00 376,00 -1,32%
Tuesday   5 Mar 2024
378,00 381,00 +1,07%
Tuesday   27 Feb 2024
374,00 377,00 -0,79%
Tuesday   20 Feb 2024
377,00 380,00 0,00%
Tuesday   13 Feb 2024
377,00 380,00 -1,05%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce, cereali, farine, germi, oli, sottoprodotti e foraggi (Cod. 1290 )
Prices refer to full wagon/truck/tank shipment - ex Milan (North of Italy), packing and VAT excluded, product not damaged.
Show/Hide Historical series of Monthly average price
Rapeseed meal


€/ton

2014 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 % on prev. month % on 2023
January 310 278 263 358 416 409 379 +4,06% -7,24%
February 299 291 267 371 427 411 379 -0,15% -7,85%
March 309 282 271 365 512 405 373 -1,45% -7,90%
April 317 277 287 364 520 397 368 -1,45% -7,23%
May 316 278 286 375 502 396
June 313 271 278 366 437 389
July 272 249 256 333 397 363
August 240 243 249 329 407 354
September 236 236 251 324 404 345
October 239 235 266 334 409 329
November 248 236 295 348 411 346
December 255 245 326 370 404 365
Jan - Apr 309 281 272 364 471 406 376
Change (1) - -9,01% -3,43% +34,04% +29,27% -13,76% -7,56%
Jan - Dec 280 261 275 354 440 376
Change (1) - -7,01% +5,54% +28,58% +24,58% -14,63%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The monthly, cumulative and annual prices are arithmetic averages calculated on the basis of the weekly prices.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for year 2019, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  min price
max price

Visit the chart: Italy - Historical comparative overview between Farm-gate Milk price in Lombardy, bran and corn prices

The values presented in the following chart show the cost of 1000 g (1kg) of protein obtained from the raw materials considered.

Example: the value of Italian soybean extraction meal 44% on January 2013 was equal to 1.02. This means that the price of 1000 g of protein provided by Italian soybean extraction meal 44% was in that month of €1,02.
Feed Protein Content
% as fed
Rapeseed extraction meal 34.4
Whole grain sunflower extraction meal 24.0
Decorticated sunflower extraction meal 33.6
Foreign soybean extraction meal 44% 43.4
Italian soybean extraction meal 44% 43.4
Foreign decorticated soybean extraction meal 49.0
Italian decorticated soybean extraction meal 49.0
Chart realized with the contribution of Dr. Roberto Preti, Veterinary Physician.
Data taken from page Feed composition analysis visit the page »
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