Italian Dairy Cow Population

This page provides with data referring to the dairy cow population. To note that Dairy cows account for an important part of the livestock sector in Italy.

The data on the table here below provide, in the given period, with:
  • Heads of cattle
  • Milk yeald (kg) per cow
  • % protein content
  • % fat content

N.B.: The benefits of genetic researches, improved cattle housing hygienic conditions and higher feed quality have a positive influence into the increasing milk yield per cow and as a consequence to the total milk production volume.

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  Italy - Milk cows (number of heads)
Source: ISTAT
AIA - Milk Quality Control Bulletin
Region 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
No. slaughtered cows² kg of milk
per cow²³
% protein² % fat²
Emilia-Romagna 277.245 273.918 267.973 259.851 120.439 9.122 3,38 3,71
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 41.804 42.807 33.941 33.122 18.277 8.341 3,43 3,97
Liguria 2.551 2.758 2.134 1.450 244 5.434 3,55 3,82
Lombardia 478.881 478.881 504.340 545.716 299.510 10.152 3,40 3,86
Piemonte 176.152 148.672 139.983 136.186 69.519 9.034 3,42 3,89
Trentino-Alto Adige 83.947 97.229 77.699 76.654 47.617 7.550 3,49 4,06
Valle d'Aosta 17.954 14.956 15.465 16.452 10.820 3.386 3,31 3,34
Veneto 167.757 154.001 143.445 135.329 52.178 9.249 3,43 3,83
Lazio 71.731 60.541 52.761 45.888 5.601 9.354 3,41 3,99
Marche 10.205 10.889 6.783 6.065 889 7.956 3,40 3,80
Toscana 17.601 12.726 11.622 14.382 2.781 8.762 3,42 3,92
Umbria 9.944 8.433 6.361 5.899 2.586 8.863 3,33 3,76
Abruzzo 15.971 20.826 14.020 15.274 5.208 7.233 3,33 3,83
Basilicata 32.014 37.809 28.144 22.392 9.784 8.877 3,38 3,92
Calabria 35.222 32.686 26.244 23.427 4.755 8.683 3,42 3,85
Campania 83.219 78.808 70.124 56.909 4.084 8.900 3,43 3,97
Molise 16.908 16.333 13.677 10.021 2.910 6.566 3,39 3,80
Puglia 102.203 107.926 104.377 80.955 23.544 8.224 3,48 3,89
Sardegna 68.955 72.954 62.164 54.247 10.303 9.876 3,39 3,97
Sicilia 111.500 117.967 112.075 102.898 n.p. n.p. n.p. n.p.
North 1.246.291 1.213.222 1.184.980 1.204.760 618.604
Middle 109.481 92.589 77.527 72.234 11.857
Southern Italy 465.992 485.309 430.825 366.123 60.588
Italy 1.821.764 1.791.120 1.693.332 1.643.117 691.049
Last Update: 17-07-2020
Source: AIA, ISTAT

1) Source ISTAT: figures are representative of the Italian average milk production per cow per year reported at December 1st of each year.
2) Source: AIA (italian breeders association). Data refer to the period "October 1 - September 30" of each year and to the bovine herds monitored by AIA.
3) "kg of milk per cow" has to be intended as annual average milk production per cow.