Italian Dairy Cow Population

This page provides with data referring to the dairy cow population. To note that Dairy cows account for an important part of the livestock sector in Italy.

The data on the table here below provide, in the given period, with:
  • Heads of cattle
  • Milk yeald (kg) per cow
  • % protein content
  • % fat content

N.B.: The benefits of genetic researches, improved cattle housing hygienic conditions and higher feed quality have a positive influence into the increasing milk yield per cow and as a consequence to the total milk production volume.

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  Italy - Milk cows (number of heads)
Source: ISTAT
AIA - Milk Quality Control Bulletin
Region 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
No. slaughtered cows² kg of milk
per cow²³
% protein² % fat²
Emilia-Romagna 273.918 267.973 259.851 258.983 123.022 9.363 3,39 3,71
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 42.807 33.941 33.122 32.292 17.581 8.626 3,42 3,92
Liguria 2.758 2.134 1.450 1.473 541 5.117 3,47 3,80
Lombardia 478.881 504.340 545.716 540.117 302.049 10.451 3,40 3,85
Piemonte 148.672 139.983 136.186 143.284 70.944 9.402 3,42 3,92
Trentino-Alto Adige 97.229 77.699 76.654 76.693 47.287 7.653 3,49 4,05
Valle d'Aosta 14.956 15.465 16.452 15.681 11.019 3.478 3,32 3,42
Veneto 154.001 143.445 135.329 135.525 53.248 9.472 3,42 3,80
Lazio 60.541 52.761 45.888 45.332 10.095 9.407 3,40 3,77
Marche 10.889 6.783 6.065 5.969 1.186 8.020 3,40 3,81
Toscana 12.726 11.622 14.382 13.714 2.806 8.822 3,40 3,87
Umbria 8.433 6.361 5.899 5.912 2.787 9.437 3,36 3,71
Abruzzo 20.826 14.020 15.274 15.243 5.153 7.532 3,36 3,80
Basilicata 37.809 28.144 22.392 22.849 10.043 9.191 3,42 3,83
Calabria 32.686 26.244 23.427 23.911 4.883 9.022 3,41 3,79
Campania 78.808 70.124 56.909 56.267 3.549 9.275 3,37 3,81
Molise 16.333 13.677 10.021 10.159 2.679 6.727 3,40 3,73
Puglia 107.926 104.377 80.955 79.765 24.070 8.481 3,47 3,79
Sardegna 72.954 62.164 54.247 51.292 10.534 10.115 3,41 3,94
Sicilia 117.967 112.075 102.898 103.921 3.303 8.434 3,42 3,90
North 1.213.222 1.184.980 1.204.760 1.204.048 625.691
Middle 92.589 77.527 72.234 70.927 16.874
Southern Italy 485.309 430.825 366.123 363.407 64.214
Italy 1.791.120 1.693.332 1.643.117 1.638.382 706.779
Last Update: 12-10-2021
Source: AIA, ISTAT

1) Source ISTAT: figures are representative of the Italian average milk production per cow per year reported at December 1st of each year.
2) Source: AIA (italian breeders association). Data refer to the period "October 1 - September 30" of each year and to the bovine herds monitored by AIA.
3) "kg of milk per cow" has to be intended as annual average milk production per cow.