Italian Dairy Cow Population

This page provides with data referring to the dairy cow population. To note that Dairy cows account for an important part of the livestock sector in Italy.

The data on the table here below provide, in the given period, with:
  • Heads of cattle
  • Milk yeald (kg) per cow
  • % protein content
  • % fat content

N.B.: The benefits of genetic researches, improved cattle housing hygienic conditions and higher feed quality have a positive influence into the increasing milk yield per cow and as a consequence to the total milk production volume.

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  Italy - Milk cows (number of heads)
Source: ISTAT
AIA - Milk Quality Control Bulletin
Region 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
No. slaughtered cows² kg of milk
per cow²³
% protein² % fat²
Emilia-Romagna 267.973 259.851 258.983 255.720 125.529 9.782 3,39 3,78
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 33.941 33.122 32.292 30.330 17.451 8.882 3,40 3,97
Liguria 2.134 1.450 1.473 929 578 5.097 3,47 3,80
Lombardia 504.340 545.716 540.117 536.547 310.338 10.839 3,39 3,91
Piemonte 139.983 136.186 143.284 145.243 73.062 9.649 3,41 3,98
Trentino-Alto Adige 77.699 76.654 76.693 73.993 46.955 7.774 3,49 4,11
Valle d'Aosta 15.465 16.452 15.681 18.142 11.421 3.466 3,33 3,54
Veneto 143.445 135.329 135.525 131.150 54.603 9.750 3,42 3,88
Lazio 52.761 45.888 45.332 42.125 11.927 9.566 3,40 3,87
Marche 6.783 6.065 5.969 5.892 1.412 8.668 3,39 3,83
Toscana 11.622 14.382 13.714 15.646 2.639 9.245 3,43 3,93
Umbria 6.361 5.899 5.912 5.971 3.083 9.719 3,36 3,73
Abruzzo 14.020 15.274 15.243 15.768 5.299 7.921 3,36 3,86
Basilicata 28.144 22.392 22.849 21.752 10.317 9.478 3,42 3,90
Calabria 26.244 23.427 23.911 18.368 5.083 8.826 3,46 3,95
Campania 70.124 56.909 56.267 51.421 4.063 9.099 3,36 3,84
Molise 13.677 10.021 10.159 8.029 2.552 6.737 3,39 3,79
Puglia 104.377 80.955 79.765 78.839 24.993 8.844 3,51 3,86
Sardegna 62.164 54.247 51.292 49.403 10.358 10.622 3,42 4,06
Sicilia 112.075 102.898 103.921 104.680 11.259 8.232 3,41 3,89
North 1.184.980 1.204.760 1.204.048 1.192.054 639.937
Middle 77.527 72.234 70.927 69.634 19.061
Southern Italy 430.825 366.123 363.407 348.260 73.924
Italy 1.693.332 1.643.117 1.638.382 1.609.948 732.922
Last Update: 06-10-2022
Source: AIA, ISTAT

1) Source ISTAT: figures are representative of the Italian average milk production per cow per year reported at December 1st of each year.
2) Source: AIA (italian breeders association). Data refer to the period "October 1 - September 30" of each year and to the bovine herds monitored by AIA.
3) "kg of milk per cow" has to be intended as annual average milk production per cow.