Feed composition analysis

This page considers the cost of the protein component in dairy cow feed rations and allows to analyze the cost of protein contained in different protein-rich animal feed sources.
Goal of the page is to promote an economic analysis of the protein component in the feed so as to allow the selection of the best possible protein source, bearing of course in mind that any change of ingredients in the feed ration implies synergic reactions which must be carefully assessed.

The first chart exhibits the monthly market value of 100 kg of the Simulated Feed Ration.
The Simulated Feed Ration is a theoretical feed model exclusively based on the use of corn and soybean extraction meal 44%; this has been taken as a model since the two constituent ingredients are price drivers for all the raw materials available on the market. This feed ration can therefore be used as an indication for the cost trend of concentrated feed.
Composition of the Simulated Feed Ration is as follows:
     Corn meal 70%
     Soybean extraction meal 44% protein 30%
and contains:
     Raw proteins as fed 19%
     Value in MFU 1,05
The Simulated Feed Ration, fed in amounts varying between 11 and 13 kilograms, with the addition of forages of corn silage and hay (for the production of liquid milk and Grana Padano) or of only hay (for the production of Parmigiano Reggiano), allows to cover the theoretical production requirements of a multiparous cow producing 30 kg of milk with a 4% fat content. The monthly price of the products corresponds to the average monthly quotation of the Commodities Exchange of the Milan Chamber of Commerce.

The second chart shows the weight (in percentage) of the price of each of the two components on the total cost of the Simulated Feed Ration as well as the price percentage variation compared to the previous month.



The third chart compares the Simulated Feed Ration Cost and the Farm-gate Milk Price in Lombardy (Italy).

The fourth chart exhibits the "Milk:Feed Ratio", defined as the price of 100kg of Farm-gate Milk in Lombardy (Italy) / the cost of 100kg of Simulated Feed Ration The Milk:Feed Ratio represents how many kg of Simulated Feed Ration could be purchased with the gross revenue from 1kg of milk at the stated price.

The fifth chart shows the cost of protein obtained from different animal feeds. The calculation is as follows: market value of the feed / protein titre (as fed) The protein titre for each product is included in the table.
The market value considered corresponds to the monthly average of the weekly quotations of the Commodities Exchange of the Milan Chamber of Commerce. Source of the protein titre used is INEA - Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria.

Page compiled with the contribution of Dr. Roberto Preti, Veterinary Physician.

Show/Hide the historical trend of the average monthly price
of Italian Corn


€/kg
2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 % on prev. month % on 2020
January 130,50 243,75 173,13 178,25 176,75 186,50 174,00 207,00 +9,52% +18,97%
February 129,13 242,50 173,75 179,88 176,50 185,00 175,50 226,50 +9,42% +29,06%
March 128,38 243,10 171,30 181,50 178,88 182,38 179,30 226,20 -0,13% +26,16%
April 130,50 254,00 176,50 182,17 184,75 181,30 182,75 236,00 +4,33% +29,14%
May 137,85 262,90 185,10 183,30 190,25 179,75 179,25 264,00 +11,86% +47,28%
June 141,50 272,25 204,25 185,25 190,50 183,50 180,75
July 143,88 270,00 193,50 189,75 188,50 181,70 183,00
August 146,50 240,83 184,50 184,83 194,50 179,00 184,50
September 149,13 210,88 171,00 178,25 185,00 176,25 173,90
October 160,90 189,25 170,00 175,50 181,70 172,70 178,75
November 166,25 191,00 175,75 177,50 180,50 172,00 189,25
December 164,33 189,00 176,50 177,50 182,50 171,50 189,00
Gen - May 131,27 249,59 176,16 181,08 181,43 182,90 178,21 226,28
Change (1) -2,87% +90,13% -29,42% +2,79% +0,19% +0,82% -2,56% +26,97%
Gen-Dic 144,07 234,76 179,51 181,04 183,83 179,43 180,50
Change (1) +10,23% +62,94% -23,53% +0,85% +1,54% -2,39% +0,60%

The average monthly price is calculated on the weekly quotes.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2006, 2011, 2016,
where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  = min price
= max price
Show/Hide the historical trend of the average monthly price
of Italian Soybean extraction meal 44%


€/ton
2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 % on prev. month % on 2020
January 227 387 333 387 346 349 358 505 +13,12% +41,02%
February 221 375 329 388 386 339 361 515 +1,98% +42,72%
March 208 347 325 369 406 336 399 471 -8,49% +18,08%
April 206 325 340 355 431 338 395 458 -2,72% +15,95%
May 203 324 405 346 451 332 353 453 -1,09% +28,33%
June 208 316 435 334 391 352 334
July 203 323 415 339 371 335 332
August 204 324 373 318 362 328 338
September 207 326 355 319 349 328 357
October 221 316 357 329 358 333 404
November 225 305 374 327 355 336 443
December 222 304 375 343 355 347 446
Gen - May 213 350 348 369 404 339 374 484
Change (1) -13,61% +64,36% -0,62% +6,01% +9,55% -16,14% +10,49% +29,38%
Gen-Dic 213 331 367 346 381 338 378
Change (1) -14,11% +55,70% +10,92% -5,73% +9,94% -11,27% +11,94%
Source: Milan Chamber of Commerce
The average monthly price is calculated on the weekly quotes.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2006, 2011, 2016,
where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  = min price
= max price

Chart 3.


Show/Hide the comparison between the Simulated Feed Ration Cost and
the Farm-gate Milk Price in Lombardy (Italy) since 2011


Chart 4.

The following chart represents how many kg of Simulated Feed Ration could be purchased with the gross revenue from 1kg of milk.

The values presented in the following chart show the cost of 1000 g (1kg) of protein obtained from the raw materials considered.

Example: the value of Italian soybean extraction meal 44% on January 2013 was equal to 1.02. This means that the price of 1000 g of protein provided by Italian soybean extraction meal 44% was in that month of €1,02.
Feed Protein Content
% as fed
Rapeseed extraction meal 34.4
Whole grain sunflower extraction meal 24.0
Decorticated sunflower extraction meal 33.6
Foreign soybean extraction meal 44% 43.4
Italian soybean extraction meal 44% 43.4
Foreign decorticated soybean extraction meal 49.0
Italian decorticated soybean extraction meal 49.0

For any questions or comments please write to

We are working on data to transition from EU-28 to EU-27