Energy and raw materials costs

This page shows the trend analysis of the main energetic and raw materials costs used in the agri-food sector.

The opening dashboard offers a summary of the prices of the inputs analyzed, compared with the previous month and the same month of previous year.

For each input, a dedicated section reports the price trend on a monthly, daily and yearly basis, as well as a percentiles visualisation to compare the current price level with the recent history. You can also see the changes in current prices compared to those of one, six and twelve months ago.

Considered inputs:

Click to see the data in the following currencies:

Electricity price


Current price level as of 2022-10-05 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
€/MWh
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Oct 22 (P) 218.3 -35.5% +23.5% +37.2%
  Sep 22 338.7 -20.5% +36.9% +157.6%
  Aug 22 425.8 +37.7% +161.0% +359.9%
  Jul 22 309.3 +42.8% +69.7% +256.9%
Source: ENTSOE - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
€/MWh
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year €/MWh
  2022 01 Jan - 05 Oct 250.2 +141.5% 103.6
  2021 Complete 103.6 +205.1% 34.0
  2020 Complete 34.0 -24.7% 45.1
Source: ENTSOE - Processed by: CLAL

The prices refer to the 'Day ahead' energy market in which market participants commit to buy or sell wholesale electricity one day before the operating day. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2018.

Natural Gas price


Current price level as of 2022-09-30 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
€/MWh
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Sep 22 (P) 215.0 -11.2% +84.8% +530.3%
  Aug 22 242.2 +37.6% +202.2% +771.3%
  Jul 22 176.0 +54.0% +133.8% +650.1%
  Jun 22 114.3 +18.5% +47.7% +435.8%
Source: ICE - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
€/MWh
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year €/MWh
  2022 01 Jan - 30 Sep 136.5 +349.8% 30.3
  2021 Complete 30.3 +113.5% 14.2
Source: ICE - Processed by: CLAL

Prices refer to the futures contracts trends for natural gas at the virtual trading point of the Title Transfer Facility (TTF), managed by Gasunie Transport Services (GTS), the operator of the transport system in the Netherlands. Future contract: Next month. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2020.

Oil price


Current price level as of 2022-09-26 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
$/BBL
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Sep 22 (P) 90.0 -10.4% -23.2% +20.9%
  Aug 22 100.4 -10.3% +3.4% +42.0%
  Jul 22 111.9 -8.8% +29.4% +48.9%
  Jun 22 122.7 +8.5% +65.3% +67.7%
Source: EIA - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
$/BBL
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year $/BBL
  2022 01 Jan - 26 Sep 105.3 +48.7% 70.8
  2021 Complete 70.8 +68.8% 42.0
  2020 Complete 42.0 -34.8% 64.3
Source: EIA - Processed by: CLAL

Brent is the name given to a relatively light crude oil made from a blend of crudes from 19 oil fields in the North Sea. Brent Crude is one of the three main benchmarks for crude oil prices per barrel. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2008.

Global container transport cost


Current price level as of 2022-09-30 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
USD
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Sep 22 (P) 4487 -23.7% -53.1% -58.8%
  Aug 22 5881 -7.3% -39.4% -41.8%
  Jul 22 6347 -9.6% -33.7% -25.9%
  Jun 22 7025 -14.4% -25.7% +5.6%
Source: macromicro - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
USD
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year USD
  2022 01 Jan - 30 Sep 7,752 +4.7% 7,407
  2021 Complete 7,407 +295.8% 1,872
  2020 Complete 1,872 +36.0% 1,376
Source: macromicro - Processed by: CLAL

The Container Transport Cost Index (FBX) measures the trend of transport costs across 12 of the global major trade routes. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2016.

Lumber price


Current price level as of 2022-10-03 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
$/BF
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Oct 22 (P) 428 -11.0% -55.4% -37.3%
  Sep 22 481 -10.4% -61.0% -14.6%
  Aug 22 537 -13.6% -55.4% +5.9%
  Jul 22 621 +4.5% -45.6% -2.2%
Source: CME - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
$/BF
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year $/BF
  2022 01 Jan - 03 Oct 840 -4.7% 881
  2021 Complete 881 +70.3% 518
  2020 Complete 518 +39.6% 371
Source: CME - Processed by: CLAL

Lumber (random length) price refers to futures contracts traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2016.

Aluminium price


Current price level as of 2022-10-03 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
RMB/Ton
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Oct 22 (P) 18357 -1.0% -15.5% -18.0%
  Sep 22 18548 -0.1% -18.1% -17.3%
  Aug 22 18568 +2.0% -17.5% -8.0%
  Jul 22 18207 -9.2% -14.0% -5.1%
Source: Sunsirs - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
RMB/Ton
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year RMB/Ton
  2022 01 Jan - 03 Oct 20,372 +7.6% 18,925
  2021 Complete 18,925 +33.3% 14,193
  2020 Complete 14,193 +1.7% 13,952
Source: Sunsirs - Processed by: CLAL

Aluminium spot prices (remelting ingots grade A199.70) on the Chinese market. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2016.

Plastic price (Polyethylene terephthalate)


Current price level as of 2022-10-03 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
RMB/Ton
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Oct 22 (P) 8310 -3.7% -1.4% +4.9%
  Sep 22 8630 -3.9% +2.1% +24.1%
  Aug 22 8983 -0.4% +11.1% +23.1%
  Jul 22 9019 -4.6% +12.8% +25.5%
Source: Sunsirs - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
RMB/Ton
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year RMB/Ton
  2022 01 Jan - 03 Oct 8,747 +23.2% 7,099
  2021 Complete 7,099 +26.5% 5,612
  2020 Complete 5,612 -26.5% 7,634
Source: Sunsirs - Processed by: CLAL

PET Plastic (Polyethylene terephthalate) spot prices on the Chinese market. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2016.

Glass price


Current price level as of 2022-10-03 - in purple the average 2021.
The colored bands represent the following pecentiles: 25°, 50°, 75° and historical highs.
  Monthly data Average price
RMB/m²
Change
on prev month
Change
on 6 months ago
Change
on prev year
  Oct 22 (P) 19.72 +0.2% -19.3% -41.7%
  Sep 22 19.68 -0.7% -24.5% -48.8%
  Aug 22 19.81 -1.6% -27.4% -48.7%
  Jul 22 20.13 -7.4% -17.5% -45.1%
Source: Sunsirs - Processed by: CLAL
  Yearly data Average price
RMB/m²
Change
on prev year
Average price
previous year RMB/m²
  2022 01 Jan - 03 Oct 22.94 -26.2% 31.08
  2021 Complete 31.08 +47.4% 21.09
  2020 Complete 21.09 +10.1% 19.15
Source: Sunsirs - Processed by: CLAL

Glass spot prices on the Chinese market. (P): Provisional. In statistics, a percentile is a score below which a given percentage of scores in its frequency distribution falls.
Data used in the percentile calculation start from 2016.

Other raw materials costs

Raw materials and by-products Monthly data Change %
on Prev. Month.
Change %
Year-Over-Year.
Latest data
Last record
Aluminium 2 430,79 $/Ton +0,9% -6,6% August 2022
Iron 108,85 $/Ton +0,3% -32,9% August 2022
Copper 7 981,84 $/Ton +5,8% -14,8% August 2022
Metals and Brass 103,81 index +3,7% -12,8% August 2022
Plastic* 164,43 index -6,5% +5,2% August 2022
Paper/Cardboard* 151,85 index 0,0% +37,2% September 2022
Cotton 2,74 $/Kg -5,0% +23,0% August 2022
Glass* 118,80 index 0,0% +25,0% April 2022
Source:
- Paper/Cardboard, Plastic and Glass: CCIAA Milan
- Aluminium, Cotton, Iron, Metals and Brass: World Bank

* Paper/Cardboard, Plastic and Glass: Index Computed with respect to values in 2014;
* Metals: Index computed with respect to values in 2010
To see the full list of the products quoted in the Milan Chamber of Commerce Click Here

United States - Consumer Price Index