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US: skimmed milk powder production

This page contains:

  • two graphs and two tables giving us an overview of monthly production of Nonfat Dry Milk and SMP, expressed in pounds, over a given period.
  • a chart comparing data for the monthly production of Skimmed Milk Powder (Nonfat Dry Milk and SMP *) in the U.S. and wholesale market price trends over a given time period;
  • two graphs showing the annual and the cumulative monthly SMP production trend in the EU-28, New Zealand and the U.S.

* Nonfat dry milk (NDM) and skimmed milk powder (SMP) are very similar but are defined by two different sets of regulations and authorities. NDM is defined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, while SMP is defined by CODEX Alimentarius. Both are obtained by removing water from pasteurized skim milk. Both contain 5% or less moisture (by weight) and 1.5% or less milkfat (by weight). The difference is that skimmed milk powder has a minimum milk protein content of 34%, whereas nonfat dry milk has no standardized protein level.

N.B.:
Produced in 80 production plants, the United States is one of the world's largest manufacturers of Skimmed Milk Powder.

Most of the plants are located in strategic locations, close to large urban conurbations in the northern part of the East Coast, in California and in the south central area of the US (Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado).
Massive quantities of SMP are provided by Dairy America, an Association of Cooperatives that counts among its members Agri-Mark Inc., California Dairies Inc., Land O'Lakes Inc., Maryland & Virginia Milk Producers Association, O-AT-KA Milk Producers Inc., United Dairymen of Arizona, Dairy Farmers of America and Lone Star Milk Producers.

The reasons why the US is such a dominant supplier of SMP are that it has a considerable number of pastures at its disposal, it has made substantial investments in research and development, it adopts strict health regulations and quality standards and boasts efficient manufacturing systems (many US plants are able to adapt production around market needs). It is also able to produce all year round, even in winter.

The fluctuating production of SMP adapts to both the logic of the commodity's various uses as well as market demands, including international.

The prices (as regulated by the Dairy Export Incentive Program, or DEIP) and stocks are affected by both industry production trends and international price trends, which, in turn, are affected by the euro-dollar exchange rate.

Visit the pages below: SMP Stock - US

Month 2008 2013 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 ± % on
2022
± % on
2021
January 112.970 142.799 161.635 177.280 184.097 210.168 170.437 174.953 +2,6% -16,8%
February 121.107 137.674 156.683 153.417 174.728 182.471 168.997 182.528 +8,0% +0,0%
March 136.993 146.576 176.444 161.829 173.655 198.254 191.815 199.448 +4,0% +0,6%
April 134.861 160.117 169.809 167.758 202.626 193.792 195.821 198.595 +1,4% +2,5%
May 131.607 150.531 166.086 173.666 157.234 205.470 192.677 208.766 +8,4% +1,6%
June 135.979 130.901 152.403 157.948 145.033 185.604 168.971 178.017 +5,4% -4,1%
July 134.875 116.616 151.093 172.329 169.138 155.789 165.726 135.135 -18,5% -13,3%
August 115.205 106.039 128.619 132.525 147.194 121.559 133.625 110.809 -17,1% -8,8%
September 85.541 74.026 114.295 117.806 126.249 119.384 122.804 100.666 -18,0% -15,7%
October 121.071 85.830 122.287 132.716 141.249 145.721 129.037 127.425 -1,2% -12,6%
November 133.702 101.185 134.764 138.967 155.434 161.011 160.743 115.702 -28,0% -28,1%
December 155.262 125.570 143.385 164.869 175.252 167.804 167.711 146.409(p) -12,7% -12,7%
Total Year 1.519.173 1.477.864 1.777.503 1.851.110 1.951.889 2.047.027 1.968.364 1.878.453
% y-o-y ¹ -4,4% -2,7% +20,3% +4,1% +5,4% +4,9% -3,8% -4,6%
Last Update: 06-02-2024
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2008, 2013, 2018, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
 
Min Production in the last 5 years
 
Max Production in the last 5 years
Month 2008 2013 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 ± % on
2022
± % on
2021
January 45.614 47.980 41.890 36.153 41.232 48.065 51.932 44.580 -14,2% -7,3%
February 33.804 43.178 35.658 33.901 38.751 43.967 40.138 37.199 -7,3% -15,4%
March 34.428 47.546 39.654 48.274 55.841 52.575 42.902 35.252 -17,8% -32,9%
April 36.137 39.751 49.968 46.244 51.611 55.977 44.613 34.783 -22,0% -37,9%
May 45.511 54.787 50.763 26.604 56.669 48.496 50.753 34.678 -31,7% -28,5%
June 33.873 58.217 59.377 52.062 60.519 54.174 54.406 37.410 -31,2% -30,9%
July 27.120 53.131 47.498 46.708 61.369 64.413 61.008 60.669 -0,6% -5,8%
August 26.649 55.074 47.558 60.768 69.232 72.450 65.551 59.575 -9,1% -17,8%
September 38.868 54.234 46.694 58.764 81.084 72.120 68.422 55.650 -18,7% -22,8%
October 17.556 62.402 48.580 47.386 63.309 77.649 65.285 43.485 -33,4% -44,0%
November 16.477 56.227 42.563 50.955 64.961 59.550 49.110 56.871 +15,8% -4,5%
December 17.793 58.162 50.091 64.893 50.648 48.567 63.766 48.300(p) -24,3% -0,5%
Total Year 373.830 630.689 560.294 572.712 695.226 698.003 657.886 548.452
% y-o-y ¹ - +68,7% -11,2% +2,2% +21,4% +0,4% -5,7% -16,6%
Last Update: 06-02-2024
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2013, 2018, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
 
Min Production in the last 5 years
 
Max Production in the last 5 years
Click here to view the PRICE trend.
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