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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.394 1.388 1.335 1.270 (s)
(Dairy Season)1) (2019/20) (2020/21) (2021/22) (2022/23)
Milk production (Million liters) 8.588 8.834 8.803 8.204 8.204 8.224 +0,2% Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year +2,9% -0,3% -6,8%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Liquid milk 2.460 2.421 2.394 2.373
(Dairy Season)1) (2019/20) (2020/21) (2021/22) (2022/23)
Butter 40 46 42 36 29 26 -10,3% Jan-Oct 2023
Butteroil 8,4 8,3 12 9,6 7,7 6,8 -11,2% Jan-Oct 2023
Cheese 364 372 393 384 309 302 -2,2% Jan-Oct 2023
WMP (whole milk powder) 38 47 53 37 30 25 -18,6% Jan-Oct 2023
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 159 155 147 137 106 107 +1,0% Jan-Oct 2023
BMP (butter milk powder) 4,3 4,8 5,0 4,1 3,2 2,5 -20,0% Jan-Oct 2023
Whey powder 49 55 56 56 44 45 +3,1% Jan-Oct 2023
EXPORT 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
238 253 331 309 309 187 -39,3% Jan-Dec 2023
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
7,8 8,9 15 16 16 16 -0,3% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
17 16 24 17 17 9,5 -45,0% Jan-Dec 2023
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
5,7 3,8 5,2 5,3 5,3 3,1 -42,3% Jan-Dec 2023
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
160 153 157 145 145 130 -10,8% Jan-Dec 2023
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
42 37 51 58 58 38 -33,8% Jan-Dec 2023
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
50 50 52 51 51 45 -11,6% Jan-Dec 2023
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
128 129 156 154 154 134 -13,2% Jan-Dec 2023
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
30 35 32 26 26 37 +40,9% Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
3,2 7,7 4,8 3,0 3,0 11 +270,0% Jan-Dec 2023
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
50 30 23 22 22 15 -32,8% Jan-Dec 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
71 58 48 35 35 30 -13,8% Jan-Dec 2023
IMPORT 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
3,4 2,9 3,2 4,2 4,2 4,5 +6,6% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
39 41 36 40 40 48 +20,1% Jan-Dec 2023
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
97 98 97 96 96 108 +13,2% Jan-Dec 2023
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
37 43 37 40 40 47 +17,4% Jan-Dec 2023
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
15 16 14 15 15 14 -9,8% Jan-Dec 2023
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
15 13 11 12 12 7,9 -36,1% Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
6,0 8,4 5,3 7,5 7,5 4,6 -39,2% Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
8,6 6,5 6,5 6,6 6,6 3,3 -49,5% Jan-Dec 2023
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
36 32 18 21 21 15 -26,4% Jan-Dec 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
22 25 29 28 28 26 -7,1% Jan-Dec 2023
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Cheese 297 305 330 330 330 365 +10,6% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter 104 106 95 91 91 92 +1,1% Jan-Dec 2023
SMP 45 43 40 28 28 30 +7,1% Jan-Dec 2023
WMP 33 40 40 35 35 38 +8,6% Jan-Dec 2023
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Cheese 11,71 11,88 12,73 12,61
Butter 4,10 4,13 3,66 3,48
SMP 1,77 1,68 1,54 1,07
WMP 1,30 1,56 1,54 1,34
% Self-sufficiency 102,8% 102,9% 103,9% 103,9% 102,3% Jan-Dec 2023
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
Population ('000) 25.357 25.670 25.921 26.177
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 54.255 52.848 (e) 63.529 (e) 67.464 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 48.462 46.238(e) 53.714(e) 64.066(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2024-02-22
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it
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