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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.388 1.335 1.270
(Dairy Season)1) (2020/21) (2021/22) (2022/23)
Milk production (Million liters) 8.834 8.803 8.204 8.220 2.402 2.517 +4,8% Jan-Apr 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year -0,3% -6,8% +0,2%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Liquid milk 2.421 2.394 2.373
(Dairy Season)1) (2020/21) (2021/22) (2022/23)
Butter 46 42 36 34
Butteroil 8,3 12 9,6 8,3
Cheese 372 393 384 375
WMP (whole milk powder) 47 53 37 30
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 155 147 137 143
BMP (butter milk powder) 4,8 5,0 4,1 3,2
Whey powder 55 56 56 56
EXPORT 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
253 331 309 186 65 47 -28,3% Jan-Apr 2024
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
8,9 15 16 16 5,7 5,7 +1,5% Jan-Apr 2024
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
16 24 17 9,4 3,3 5,7 +72,3% Jan-Apr 2024
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
3,8 5,2 5,3 3,1 1,3 1,1 -15,1% Jan-Apr 2024
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
153 157 145 129 39 52 +34,1% Jan-Apr 2024
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
37 51 58 38 13 16 +19,6% Jan-Apr 2024
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
50 52 51 45 13 13 +0,6% Jan-Apr 2024
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
129 156 154 133 44 59 +32,3% Jan-Apr 2024
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
35 32 26 37 11 12 +8,3% Jan-Apr 2024
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
7,7 4,8 3,0 11 2,3 5,9 +162,1% Jan-Apr 2024
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
30 23 22 15 5,2 4,7 -9,5% Jan-Apr 2024
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
58 48 35 30 10 7,8 -23,2% Jan-Apr 2024
IMPORT 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
2,9 3,2 4,2 4,5 1,3 1,8 +38,9% Jan-Apr 2024
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
41 36 40 48 20 15 -23,8% Jan-Apr 2024
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
98 97 96 108 39 34 -12,1% Jan-Apr 2024
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
43 37 40 47 16 14 -15,7% Jan-Apr 2024
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
16 14 15 14 4,1 3,9 -5,4% Jan-Apr 2024
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
13 11 12 7,9 3,0 1,6 -45,3% Jan-Apr 2024
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
8,4 5,3 7,5 4,6 1,5 1,4 -8,9% Jan-Apr 2024
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
6,5 6,5 6,6 3,3 1,3 1,4 +6,2% Jan-Apr 2024
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
32 18 21 15 5,5 4,8 -12,9% Jan-Apr 2024
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
25 29 28 26 8,7 13 +44,9% Jan-Apr 2024
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
Cheese 305 330 330 365 365 380 +4,1% Jan-Dec 2024
Butter 106 95 91 92 92 95 +3,3% Jan-Dec 2024
SMP 43 40 28 30 30 28 -6,7% Jan-Dec 2024
WMP 40 40 35 38 38 40 +5,3% Jan-Dec 2024
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
Cheese 11,88 12,73 12,61 13,81
Butter 4,13 3,66 3,48 3,48
SMP 1,68 1,54 1,07 1,13
WMP 1,56 1,54 1,34 1,44
% Self-sufficiency 102,9% 103,9% 103,9% 102,3%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
Population ('000) 25.670 25.921 26.177 26.439
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 53.072 63.896 (e) 65.526 (e) 64.964 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 46.434 54.024(e) 62.225(e) 60.080(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2024-06-12
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it