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Parmigiano Reggiano Cheese: Production by Altitude


This page provides with data related to Parmigiano Reggiano cheese production organized by altitude zones and number of dairies per provinces.

Please note that:
  • "Parmigiano delle Aree Montane" (Mountain Areas) is produced in the southern strip of land of the "Pedemontana" area,
  • "Parmigiano di Pianura Alta-Collina" (High Flat Land-Hill) is produced in the strip of land between the "Via Emilia" and the "Via Pedemontana",
  • "Parmigiano di Pianura Bassa" (Lowland) is produced in the northern strip of land of the "Via Emilia", towards the Po river.
Production of Parmigiano Reggiano
Number of wheels  
Province Altitude 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 ± on 2023¹
Bologna Aree Montane 32.213 28.434 28.545 30.001 26.716 30.558 16.660 +9,4% (Jun'24)
Pianura Alta - Collina 37.062 43.448 51.550 56.756 53.907 63.529 34.814 +7,4% (Jun'24)
Pianura Bassa 14.857 15.976 16.229 15.443 14.680 15.086 7.822 -2,4% (Jun'24)
Mantova Pianura Bassa 390.575 410.383 443.144 442.659 455.439 476.361 267.979 +7,3% (Jun'24)
Modena Aree Montane 236.806 231.743 242.923 271.235 271.904 276.796 148.049 +2,8% (Jun'24)
Pianura Alta - Collina 285.625 308.637 320.959 323.770 350.297 353.480 187.803 +2,0% (Jun'24)
Pianura Bassa 213.674 219.168 229.754 229.546 226.944 230.695 121.357 +0,0% (Jun'24)
Parma Aree Montane 242.771 245.138 253.068 256.327 254.999 252.053 134.516 +1,8% (Jun'24)
Pianura Alta - Collina 478.857 485.130 519.368 562.561 533.002 524.608 280.553 +3,5% (Jun'24)
Pianura Bassa 564.764 566.347 597.694 600.291 569.223 573.754 305.635 +1,3% (Jun'24)
Reggio Emilia Aree Montane 288.528 281.658 301.488 301.705 307.860 302.402 165.219 +3,8% (Jun'24)
Pianura Alta - Collina 485.251 504.675 521.433 535.168 468.007 468.333 241.275 -0,7% (Jun'24)
Pianura Bassa 421.522 413.455 411.668 465.682 469.292 446.644 232.753 -1,3% (Jun'24)
Total 3.692.505 3.754.192 3.937.823 4.091.144 4.002.270 4.014.299 2.144.435
Change on the previous year ¹   +1,67% +4,89% +3,89% -2,17% +0,30% +2,23%
¹ The percentages are based on the same period of the previous year.
Production of Parmigiano Reggiano
Number of dairies  
Province 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 ± on 2023¹
Bologna wheels 84.132 87.858 96.324 102.200 95.303 109.173 59.296 +6,5% (Jun'24)
dairies 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Mantova wheels 390.575 410.383 443.144 442.659 455.439 476.361 267.979 +7,3% (Jun'24)
dairies 20 20 19 19 19 19 19
Modena wheels 736.105 759.548 793.636 824.551 849.145 860.971 457.209 +1,7% (Jun'24)
dairies 61 59 56 54 53 53 53
Parma wheels 1.286.392 1.296.615 1.370.130 1.419.179 1.357.224 1.350.415 720.704 +2,2% (Jun'24)
dairies 150 144 143 140 134 134 133
Reggio Emilia wheels 1.195.301 1.199.788 1.234.589 1.302.555 1.245.159 1.217.379 639.247 +0,2% (Jun'24)
dairies 90 89 84 83 80 77 73
Total wheels 3.692.505 3.754.192 3.937.823 4.091.144 4.002.270 4.014.299 2.144.435
dairies 330 321 311 305 295 292 287
¹ The percentages are based on the same period of the previous year.