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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,4% of EU milk deliveries (year 2023),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 55,6% of the milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • accounts for 22,6% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2023).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

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MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA202020212022202320232024%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)11.30211.04010.99710.836
of which
     Dairy Cows ('000 head)3.9213.8333.8103.713
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.1061.1191.0081.006164175+6,8%Jan-Feb 2024
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)75.46061.54331.88036.6853.1752.580-18,7%Jan 2024
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.8641.5302191.944-990,0%Jan 2024
Milk production33.16532.50732.399
± % Over the same period of the previous year-2,0%-0,3%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)32.54931.94231.94732.4248.1578.191+0,4%Jan-Mar 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,9%0,0%+1,5%
% Delivery on production ***98,1%98,3%98,6%
% Protein3,47%3,46%3,44%3,46%3,49%3,50% Jan-Mar 2024
% Fat4,13%4,15%4,08%4,12%4,20%4,18% Jan-Mar 2024
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)32,8436,2753,1845,3452,4944,27-15,7%Jan-Mar 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+10,4%+46,6%-14,7%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)1.2341.2661.3181.382346353+2,1%Jan-Mar 2024
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,7849,8157,6157,3961,6955,98-9,3%Jan-Mar 2024
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow)1.2341.2721.323-
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)11111212
Goats ('000)161164159163
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)161515133,22,7-16,7%Jan-Mar 2024
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)697072787979+1,1%Jan-Mar 2024
Sheeps ('000)1.4841.5081.5171.560
DAIRY PRODUCTION202020212022202320232024%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.5664.3804.1034.0321.0221.022(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2024
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)530544525521124124(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2024
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8241.7511.6911.695425445+4,6%Jan-Mar 2024
of which
     Yoghurt products673643637655
Buttermilk products104989286
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)506471473480133133(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2024
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)525861-
Mixed fats89847878
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)8,07,77,7-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.4492.4612.4302.451609609(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2024
Hard cheese (Hartkäse)193189187180
Sour milk cheese (Sauermilchquarkerzeugnisse)23222019
Cut cheese (Schnittkäse)745759751778
Semi-hard cheese (Halbfester Schnittkäse)56575756
Soft cheese (Weichkäse)167168165159
Pasta Filata cheese (Pasta Filata Käse)425447456462
Cream cheese (Frischkäse)835816790792
Cooked and whey cheese (Koch- und Molkenkäse)3,94,23,93,7
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.3552.3612.334-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)160160158-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)555555-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)724733725-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)154149148-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.2621.2651.248-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3542.3592.333-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)3233052922937688+15,3%Jan-Mar 2024
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)2832923093057676(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2024
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)4173533523479999(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2024
Buttermilk powder25222422
Other powdered milk products161175179177
Processed Cheese193204209206
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)585643703-
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)16.38016.45313.907-
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)2.1792.1881.850-
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)786790668-
     Whey (in powder or in block)317370371384
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
673696764-
EXPORT2020202120222023Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.3181.3651.3241.412
223
239
+6,8%
44
48
+8,2%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.2361.1019291.237
185
242
+30,9%
3,1
1,2
-63,0%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers9709438101.064
153
212
+38,2%
1,4
1,2
-19,5%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers64502738
8,2
3,0
-63,1%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers20210892135
24
28
+16,4%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers669641600594
94
104
+9,9%
23
25
+8,6%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers694733496522
75
77
+2,3%
46
42
-8,8%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers388454276306
41
44
+7,2%
32
29
-10,6%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers160149143150
23
24
+4,6%
5,3
6,6
+25,4%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers1461307866
11
8,6
-21,3%
8,6
6,6
-23,1%
Whey (0404) TOP importers542568501469
73
79
+8,0%
22
23
+7,4%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers478503444420
66
70
+6,8%
21
22
+5,7%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers393401392403
60
75
+24,5%
17
23
+39,0%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers303295315370
65
57
-12,1%
13
8,5
-34,6%
SMP (040210) TOP importers370327293297
60
49
-18,0%
23
17
-22,5%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers236243249261
43
49
+15,6%
19
24
+23,6%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers221239228242
40
31
-20,7%
4,6
5,8
+26,5%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers156156146153
27
29
+6,3%
3,5
3,1
-9,2%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers21242421
4,3
3,1
-28,7%
0,3
0,2
-33,3%
Other Product 201201223247
38
40
+7,0%
17
20
+16,3%
Janof which Extra EU
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)10,09,59,88,8
0,6
1,1
+87,2%
0,1
0,4
+270,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
1081087887
5,9
9,0
+52,3%
1,4
3,0
+108,8%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
77798290
6,7
9,4
+39,4%
2,3
2,9
+25,1%
IMPORT2020202120222023Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.3562.4112.5222.749
428
474
+10,8%
0,5
0,5
+5,6%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters2.2182.2632.3572.625
405
453
+12,0%
0,5
0,5
+5,3%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters15252219
3,9
4,3
+9,9%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters123123144105
19
16
-13,4%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters894914891879
140
146
+3,7%
6,0
7,1
+18,6%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters602655631577
93
103
+10,7%
0,6
1,1
+94,1%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters535562518470
76
83
+8,8%
0,3
1,0
+198,0%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters215196200250
39
42
+8,9%
0,1
0,3
+483,1%
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters626784116
17
22
+32,6%
0,0
0,2
>1000%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters153128115134
22
20
-9,3%
0,1
0,1
+7,7%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,60,80,60,7
0,2
0,1
-15,8%
0,0
0,1
>1000%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters175199204218
29
41
+44,8%
0,3
1,2
+306,6%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters195202194158
24
32
+30,5%
0,1
0,1
+65,2%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters192204170152
24
21
-13,4%
0,2
0,3
+68,8%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters21201919
3,0
2,9
-4,2%
0,0
0,1
+38,0%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters98107107118
17
18
+7,8%
1,4
1,8
+31,4%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters114111116100
14
21
+46,3%
0,0
0,3
+961,5%
Other Product 246227240238
41
42
+1,4%
1,4
1,2
-16,6%
Janof which Extra EU
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)54907766
7,8
4,7
-40,3%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
154206138209
11
22
+93,3%
0,0
0,5
+965,9%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
18131513
1,1
1,2
+10,3%
0,2
0,1
-11,5%
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)202020212022202320232024%Period
Cheese25,325,324,623,8
di cui
Fresh cheeses7,16,96,46,3
Butter6,36,15,65,6
Cream5,35,35,15,0
Condensed Milk1,61,41,20,3
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,51,31,61,7
% Self-sufficiency rate128,5%128,0%122,8%127,3%128,7%Jan-Feb 2024
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) -6,25% 5,89% 3,46% 0,53% 0,53% 0,60% Jan-Dic 2024
CPI (consumer price index) 0,37% 3,21% 8,67% 6,03% 6,03% 3,20% Jan-Dic 2024
Population ('000) 83.167 83.155 83.237 84.359
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 46.712 51.461 48.756 (e) 52.824 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 40.870 43.510 46.300(e) 48.852(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2024 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 24-05-2024
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