The 2016 Dairy farms data are under verification

Compare Your Dairy Farm vs other European Dairy Farms

number of lactating cows normally present on the farm (dry cows excluded)
The data inserted is not a number
total milk production in one year in quintals
The data inserted is not a number
Utilised Agricultural Area in hectares
Il dato inserito non è valido
Current farmgate milk prices in €/100kg
The data inserted is not a number

EU-28: Dairy Farm Structure

This page summarizes the structure of Dairy Farms, with particular reference to the number of dairy cows, the number of farms, the average size of available farmland and other relevant information.

Data is available on all the regions of individual EU countries; by filling out the form in the yellow box it is possible to compare one’s own Dairy Farm with other European Dairy Farms.

Compare Your Dairy Farm vs other European Dairy Farms

number of lactating cows normally present on the farm (dry cows excluded)
The data inserted is not a number
total milk production in one year in quintals
The data inserted is not a number
Utilised Agricultural Area in hectares
Il dato inserito non è valido
Current farmgate milk prices in €/100kg
The data inserted is not a number
EU-28 - Summary 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Milk delivered (‘000 Tons) 141.941 148.471 152.334 153.174 156.070 157.374
% change from previous year +4,6% +2,6% +0,6% +1,9% +0,8%
Average farmgate milk price (€ / 100 Kg) 36,46 37,15 30,58 28,34 34,80 34,05
% change from previous year +1,9% -17,7% -7,3% +22,8% -2,2%
Milk produced (‘000 Tonnes) 137.943 159.869 162.824 163.431 165.298
% change from previous year +15,9% +1,8% +0,4% +1,1%
Nr. of dairy cows ('000) 20.816 23.566 23.593 23.524 23.312
% change from previous year +13,2% +0,1% -0,3% -0,9%
Estimated average production (quintals per cow) 66,3 67,8 69,0 69,5 70,9
% change from previous year +2,4% +1,7% +0,7% +2,1%
Nr. of dairy farms 1.484.680 1.204.460
% change from previous census -18,9%
Source:
Milk delivered: DEFRA, Eurostat, FEGA, AGEA
Nr. of dairy cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal)
Milk produced: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr)
Nr. of dairy farms: Eurostat (dataset: ef_olsaareg until 2013, ef_lsk_bovine from 2016)

The average farmgate milk price is obtained by weighing, for each dell'UE-28, the average farmgate milk price (source: MMO) against the quantities of milk delivered (source: Eurostat).
The average production per cow is obtained by dividing the tonnes of milk produced by the number of dairy cows.





EU-28 - Average number of dairy cows per Dairy Farm
Size
(ha)
Year
0
< 2
2 - 4,9
5 - 9,9
10 - 19,9
20 - 29,9
30 - 49,9
50 - 99,9
> 100
Central Europe Eastern Europe Southern Europe Baltic and Nordic countries
2016 2016 2016 2016
55 6 62 92
8 2 7 1
6 2 11 2
8 3 17 2
15 8 27 4
26 14 44 7
43 21 53 14
66 30 73 32
114 160 127 119
AVERAGE ± su 2005
2016 2016
14 +88,7%
2 +34,6%
2 +39,4%
4 +43,5%
11 +36,0%
21 +30,0%
36 +23,4%
60 +29,4%
120 +27,8%
Source: Eurostat (dataset: ef_olsaareg until 2013, ef_lsk_bovine from 2016)

The agricultural areas depicted in the graph represent at least 70% of the milk produced in the in UE-28

EU-28 - Number of dairy farms
Size
(ha)
Year
0
< 2
2 - 4,9
5 - 9,9
10 - 19,9
20 - 29,9
30 - 49,9
50 - 99,9
> 100
All
Central Europe Eastern Europe Southern Europe Baltic and Nordic countries
2016 2016 2016 2016
850 11.060 1.020 150
770 230.920 3.570 4.070
3.750 229.270 9.750 16.890
9.310 151.010 13.650 18.620
24.630 101.860 18.670 16.950
22.690 34.270 10.780 7.360
45.930 22.450 11.150 7.410
73.050 11.760 7.990 8.580
53.580 6.720 5.000 8.970
234.560 799.320 81.580 89.000
TOTAL ± su 2005
2016 2016
13.080 -17,5%
239.330 -67,5%
259.660 -66,7%
192.590 -60,6%
162.110 -51,9%
75.100 -41,8%
86.940 -35,5%
101.380 -23,0%
74.270 +9,2%
1.204.460 -57,3%
Source: Eurostat (dataset: ef_olsaareg until 2013, ef_lsk_bovine from 2016)
UE-28 - Number of cows
Size
(ha)
Year
0
< 2
2 - 4,9
5 - 9,9
10 - 19,9
20 - 29,9
30 - 49,9
50 - 99,9
> 100
All
Central Europe Eastern Europe Southern Europe Baltic and Nordic countries
2016 2016 2016 2016
46.640 62.470 63.610 13.790
5.900 401.560 25.900 5.540
22.450 453.960 105.210 25.760
70.500 503.050 234.190 41.170
369.080 786.580 511.110 62.080
594.080 496.510 469.390 51.910
1.995.840 475.840 591.000 104.570
4.837.810 353.640 587.120 275.120
6.132.580 1.075.780 634.560 1.067.910
14.074.880 4.609.390 3.222.090 1.647.850
TOTAL ± su 2005
2016 2016
186.510 +55,6%
438.900 -56,2%
607.380 -53,6%
848.910 -43,5%
1.728.850 -34,5%
1.611.890 -24,4%
3.167.250 -20,5%
6.053.690 -0,4%
8.910.830 +39,6%
23.554.210 -6,3%
Source: Eurostat (dataset: ef_olsaareg until 2013, ef_lsk_bovine from 2016)