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Poland: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 9,0% of EU milk deliveries (year 2023),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 36,5% of the milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • accounts for 5,8% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2023).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

POLAND: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA202020212022202320232024%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)6.2796.3796.4486.436
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)2.1262.0352.0372.069
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)531554546511125172+37,7%Jan-Mar 2024
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)7.97312.27715.76515.7332.2831.530-33,0%Jan-Feb 2024
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)7.3366.8714.4182.124485140-71,1%Jan-Feb 2024
Milk production14.50314.88115.208
± % Over the same period of the previous year+2,6%+2,2%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)12.44612.49312.77112.9764.3274.561+5,4%Jan-Apr 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,4%+2,2%+1,6%
% Delivery on production ***85,8%84,0%84,0%
% Protein3,31%3,33%3,36%3,37%3,39%3,42% Jan-Apr 2024
% Fat4,05%4,10%4,08%4,08%4,14%4,13% Jan-Apr 2024
Farm-gate milk prices (€ per 100 Kg)31,5634,4749,0845,7548,5347,68-1,8%Jan-Apr 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+9,2%+42,4%-6,8%
Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Goats ('000)--63-
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)8,58,79,2-
Sheeps ('000)--266-
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)0,50,50,4-
DAIRY PRODUCTION202020212022202320232024%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)1.9871.9581.9781.920632652+3,1%Jan-Apr 2024
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2592602662628083+3,3%Jan-Apr 2024
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)538548571600192211+9,7%Jan-Apr 2024
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2432312432649491-3,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)4,86,06,2-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)161616-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)894920926-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)293029-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)193218221-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)164150158-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)476487493-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)893919925-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9099429451.001324354+9,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)515252-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)333230298,810+14,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP)WMP - (c) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)303130239,89,0(e)-7,5%Jan-Apr 2024
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1651531511495761+5,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)838984-
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)7.4376.9166.867-
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)559552549-
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)535677579-
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)309324316-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
283027-
EXPORT2020202120222023Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers466446435460
72
77
+7,3%
-
-
-
Whole (04012099) TOP importers419415426446
69
74
+6,9%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers124,21,62,2
0,5
0,1
-73,3%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers35277,312
2,2
3,0
+39,4%
-
-
-
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers302337306305
48
49
+1,9%
29
28
-3,4%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers240283250246
37
40
+5,8%
24
25
+0,4%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers54495255
10
8,7
-13,6%
4,0
2,9
-27,9%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers9,15,54,23,0
0,3
0,4
+23,2%
0,1
0,2
+68,6%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers263288280282
44
44
-0,6%
13
13
-0,1%
Whey (0404) TOP importers225233222214
40
34
-14,3%
24
20
-16,4%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers210214204201
38
32
-15,8%
23
19
-15,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers161154169188
32
36
+13,9%
18
21
+16,9%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers108116131133
22
22
+1,9%
6,0
6,0
+1,3%
SMP (040210) TOP importers110109119129
23
22
-1,3%
16
18
+12,8%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers57497474
16
12
-24,6%
1,9
2,4
+27,8%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers1,72,42,02,3
0,2
0,4
+98,8%
0,0
0,1
>1000%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers709510171
7,4
11
+55,6%
0,8
0,9
+10,3%
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers53505457
9,3
9,7
+4,0%
5,3
6,2
+16,1%
Other Product 90797981
13
15
+13,7%
6,0
8,6
+42,0%
IMPORT2020202120222023Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters98109107118
17
20
+20,1%
0,3
0,4
+19,1%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters118132126107
16
12
-27,3%
-
-
-
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters71837565
8,8
8,1
-7,9%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters9,98,21310
1,7
0,1
-95,4%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters37413832
5,5
3,5
-37,4%
-
-
-
Whey (0404) TOP exporters10013110594
12
13
+13,2%
0,1
0,8
+833,8%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters68947666
8,4
8,2
-2,0%
0,1
0,7
>1000%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters57667185
15
14
-5,5%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters70647375
12
13
+8,4%
0,3
0,1
-61,9%
SMP (040210) TOP exporters49537266
9,4
10
+10,6%
0,7
0,4
-50,2%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters59616058
9,5
9,9
+4,8%
-
-
-
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters51473450
8,0
11
+32,4%
-
-
-
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters29364440
6,9
7,1
+2,4%
-
-
-
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters20312722
2,6
3,3
+26,4%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters5,9127,46,9
0,9
1,4
+48,2%
-
-
-
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters17191820
3,6
3,5
-1,3%
0,1
0,1
-31,1%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters12121415
2,2
2,7
+21,8%
-
-
-
Other Product 29353738
5,6
5,7
+1,1%
1,2
1,2
+2,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)14151312
1,5
1,7
+17,1%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
23282834
4,3
6,6
+52,2%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
6,16,91013
2,2
1,8
-17,2%
-
-
-
% Self-sufficiency rate128,5%128,5%125,2%126,1%124,0%Jan-Feb 2024
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) -2,03% 6,86% 5,51% 0,07% 0,07% 2,90% Jan-Dic 2024
CPI (consumer price index) 3,38% 5,13% 14,36% 11,44% 11,44% 3,70% Jan-Dic 2024
Population ('000) 37.958 37.073 36.890 36.754
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 15.793 17.958 18.280 (e) 19.913 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 13.817 15.183 17.359(e) 18.416(e)
Informative Note
(c): confidential data, missing months
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk prices: Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi, Departament Wspólnej Organizacji Rynków Rolnych ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 18-06-2024
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Poland with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it