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Europe 2022

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2022
EU-27: 116,0%

(Click here to see the detail)
2022

CENTRAL EUROPE
130,3%

EASTERN EUROPE
106,2%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
74,7%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

133,4%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 86.616.726 21.243.679 23.158.957 13.618.660
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 59,89% 14,69% 16,01% 9,42%
Import (Ton ME)* 10.653.550 5.102.743 15.912.245 2.723.189
Export (Ton ME)* 30.781.993 6.340.085 8.066.046 6.135.968
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 35,54% 29,84% 34,83% 45,06%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 66.488.283 20.006.337 31.005.156 10.205.881
Area (Km2) 1.271.167 959.700 1.040.324 1.006.651
Population 191.828.000 98.552.000 129.036.000 27.899.000
Densiy (population/km²) 151 103 124 28
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 127.034 127.902 133.342 136.802 138.116 140.556 141.850 142.566 144.902 144.489 144.638 144.697
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 2.365 2.423 2.861 3.116 3.117 3.326 3.422 3.619 3.301 2.796 2.961 2.857
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 20.755 19.885 21.793 22.666 22.076 24.784 24.609 26.442 26.038 25.156 22.958 24.275
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 108.644 110.440 114.411 117.252 119.157 119.099 120.663 119.743 122.166 122.129 124.641 123.279
± % domestic use incl. stock - +1,65% +3,60% +2,48% +1,62% -0,05% +1,31% -0,76% +2,02% -0,03% +2,06% -1,09%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 116,9% 115,8% 116,5% 116,7% 115,9% 118,0% 117,6% 119,1% 118,6% 118,3% 116,0% 117,4%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.